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Table 3 Types and definitions of stigma discussed in 98 systematic reviews

From: Stigma and intersectionality: a systematic review of systematic reviews across HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability

Stigma Type Definition Number %a
Intrapersonal Stigma When an individual internalizes publicly held negative beliefs about a health condition, and applies them to her or himself 77 78.5
Interpersonal Stigma The process in which members of the general public direct stigma towards individuals with a specific health condition 47 48
Institutional/Structural Stigma Practices initiated at the institutional level that work to disadvantage a stigmatized group or person 3 3
  1. Note: aPercentages do not add up to 100 because some reviews included more than one type of stigma