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Table 2 Implementation of tobacco and alcohol control interventions

From: Non-communicable disease prevention policy process in five African countries authors

Best buy interventions Interventions implemented Country
Cameroon Kenya Malawi Nigeria South Africa
 Taxation Taxation on all cigarettes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Increase in tobacco taxes since 2011 Yes Yes No Yes
Tax applies to all tobacco products (cigarettes, snuffs, chewing tobacco) Partial Partial No Yes
 Smoke free policies National smoke free policy that covers all public places Partial Partial No Yes Yes
Penalties for non-compliance exist No No No Partial Yes
 Health warnings on tobacco products Multiple warnings/images rotated from time to time No No Partial Yes
Large, clear, visible (at least 30% coverage) and legible all brands/all products Yes No Yes Yes
Health warning includes pictures or pictograms all brands/all products No Yes No No Yes
Include constituents and emissions of tobacco on all brands/products Partial No No No
In official country language on all brands Partial Partial No No Partial
Required on all tobacco products Partial No Partial Yes
 Bans of Tobacco Advertising ban Ban advertising, promotion and sponsorship of all tobacco products Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Ban for all forms of mass media Yes No Yes Yes
Disclosure of expenditure on advertising by industry No No No No No
 Taxation Any current form of tax on alcohol Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Tax increases on alcohol since 2011 Yes Yes Partial No Yes
Alcohol tax percent is above the tax percent for non-alcoholic beverages Yes Partial  
 Restrict access Minimum age for alcohol purchase (Below 18) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Limits on alcohol retailers’ opening hours Partial Partial Yes No Yes
Licensing of alcohol retailors Partial Yes Yes No Yes
 Advertising and promotion bans Prohibited advertising time slots on TV and radio No Yes No Partial No
Enforced penalties for non-compliance Partial Partial No No
 Physical Activity Promotion of physical activity Yes No No No No
 Diet Salt reduction requirements for processed foods in 2016 No No No No Yes
Public awareness campaigns through mass media Yes No No No No