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Table 1 Demographic, socioeconomic, and health-related characteristics of the sample

From: Determinants of utilisation rates of preventive health services: evidence from Chile

Parameter 2015
(n = 206,132)
No preventive services (n, %) Preventive services (n,%)
Sex Male 91,771 (47.1%) 4415 (38.9%)
Female 103,021 (52.9%) 6925 (61.1%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V 0.037
Zone Urban 151,961 (78.0%) 8746 (77.1%)
Rural 42,831 (22.0%) 2594 (22.9%)
Chi-square test p-value p = 0.027
Cramer’s V 0.005
Age (mean, std. dev.)   42.9 (18.5) 67.0 (15.9)
t-test p-value p < 0.0001
Point biserial correlation −.286
Married 67,871 (34.8) 5319 (46.9%)
Living with or in a relationship 31,351 (16.1%) 921 (8.1%)
Civil status Separated, divorced, annulled 13,043 (6.7%) 905 (8.0%)
Widowed 9958 (5.1%) 2648 (23.4%)
Single 72,569 (37.3%) 1547 (13.6%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V 0.202
Nationality Chilean 191,779 (98.5%) 11,263 (99.3%)
Foreigner 3013 (1.6%) 77 (0.7%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V −0.016
Indigeneity Not indigenous 173,670 (89.2%) 10,356 (91.3%)
Indigenous 21,122 (10.8%) 984 (8.7%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V −0.016
Health system FONASA 159,586 (81.9%) 10,092 (89.0%)
Armed forces 4190 (2.2%) 325 (2.9%)
ISAPRE 24,210 (12.4%) 833 (7.4%)
Out-of-pocket 6806 (3.5%) 90 (0.8%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V 0.052
Health score Bad 13,036 (6.7%) 1487 (13.1%)
Average 67,685 (34.8%) 5632 (50.0%)
Good 114,071 (58.6%) 4221 (37.2%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V 0.102
Disability No disability 175,756 (90.2%) 8434 (74.4%)
With disability 19,036 (9.8%) 2906 (25.6%)
Chi-square test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V 0.117
Employment Employed 103,565 (53.2%) 3176 (28.0%)
Unemployed 8423 (4.3%) 156 (1.4%)
Inactive 82,804 (42.5%) 8008 (70.6%)
t-test p-value p < 0.0001
Cramer’s V 0.130
Equalised incomea (mean, std. dev.)   528,348 (671,874) 509,400 (549,153)
t-test p-value p = 0.003
Point biserial correlation .006
Education, (mean, std. dev.)   10.6 (4.2) 7.8 (4.9)
t-test p-value p < 0.0001
Point biserial correlation .151
  1. a Chilean pesos (1 USD = 659 Chilean pesos, average July 2017)