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Table 1 Indicators used in the measurement of socioeconomic status for Saudi Arabia

From: Development of two socioeconomic indices for Saudi Arabia

Categories Indicator variables Denominator
Educational status Illiterate and read/write Population aged > 10 years
School degree
Diploma and university
Higher education
Employment statusa In the labour force Population aged > 15 years
Students
Housewives
Retired
Other employment
Type of housing Traditional house Households
Villa
A floor in a traditional house or villa
Apartment
Other type of housing
Tenure of housingb Owned Households
Rented
Provided
Other tenure
Car ownership No car Households
One car
Two or more cars
Material ownership Phone available/not available Households
TV available/not available
PC available/not available
Internet available/not available
Library available/not available
Satellite available/not available
Videos available/not available
Video games available/not available
  1. aIn the latent class analysis employment status the following indicators: “Students”, “Housewives” and “Retired” were combined to “Not in the labour force”
  2. bIn the latent class analysis tenure of housing indicators the following indicators: “Rented”, “Provided” and “Other tenure” were combined into “House not owned”