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Table 2 Overview of research activities, tools, and output and outcome measurements at multiple levels

From: Care–physical activity initiatives in the neighbourhood: study protocol for mixed-methods research on participation, effective elements, impact, and funding methods

Level Individual level Group level Professional and municipal level
Research question 1 Body measurementsa
 Height (cm)
 Weight (kg)
 BMI (kg/m2)
 Waist circumference (cm)
 Fat (%)
 Blood pressure (mmHG)
Focus groups (APEF tool) (T1 and T2)
 PA maintenance
 Societal participation
 Appreciation of X-Fittt 2.0
 Appreciation of
 professional guidance
 Appreciation of PA in group
Concept model and logic model (see research question 2)
 Demographics (country of birth,
 education, household composition,
 daily activities, income)
 Lifestyle (smoking and alcohol)
 Quality of life (EQ-5D-3L, EQ-VAS)
 Diseases and healthcare use
 Monitoring of PA
 Societal participation (USER-P)
 Appreciation of professional guidance
 Appreciation of PA in group
  In-depth interviews
 PA maintenance
 Societal participation
 Appreciation of X-Fittt 2.0
 Appreciation of
 professional guidance
 Appreciation of PA in group
Research question 2 In-depth interviews (see research question 1) Focus groups (see research question 1) Concept mapping and logic model
 Literature research
 2 brainstorming sessions
 5 interviews with HiAP experts
 Discussion in follow-up meetings
Local capacity mapping
 Interviews with professionals
 Workshops in each municipality
 (Timeline technique)
Research question 3 X-Fittt 2.0 participants will be invited to effectiveness arenas   Direct costs analysis
 Description of costs and benefits
 Estimation average costs per activity
 Healthcare consumption
Perceived benefits and costs
 5 focus groups (effective arena)
Research question 4    Alternative funding model
 Literature research to identify models
 2 expert meetings to choose model
 2 workshops (in each municipality)
  1. a Data collection for body measurement and questionnaires will be conducted for each group at T0 (start of X-Fittt 2.0), T1 (12 weeks after the start of X-Fittt 2.0), and T2 (1 year after the start of X-Fittt 2.0). Body measurements will be taken by the physiotherapist as part of the X-Fittt 2.0 programme. All other data will be collected by the researchers
  2. Abbreviations: EQ-5D-3L EuroQol 5-dimensions 3-levels, EQ-VAS EuroQol visual analogue scale, APEF activate participation, enjoyment, and fostering group processes, USER-P Utrecht scale for evaluation of rehabilitation-participation