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Table 1 Age-standardized Disability-Adjusted Life Years per 100,000 by cause, males, 1990 and 2016, Belgium

From: Changes in health in Belgium, 1990–2016: a benchmarking analysis based on the global burden of disease 2016 study

  Belgium, 1990   Belgium, 2016    
Causes DALY rank DALY a rate LB 95% UI UB 95% UI DALY rank DALYa rate LB 95% UI UB 95% UI Absolute DALYs changesa
Ischemic heart disease 1 3936 3716 4159 1 1556 1384 1748 −2380
Tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer 2 2140 1987 2296 2 1195 1038 1367 − 945
Low back pain 3 1143 795 1512 3 1127 789 1516 −17
Self-harm by other specified means 5 954 826 1381 4 879 720 1186 −75
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 4 1115 1032 1204 5 666 578 755 −449
Falls 9 617 483 789 6 640 481 827 23
Migraine 11 527 337 753 7 523 334 736 −4
Alzheimer disease and other dementias 13 491 410 587 8 460 382 558 −31
Age-related and other hearing loss 18 434 296 632 9 425 288 625 −9
Major depressive disorder 23 334 225 456 10 411 281 566 77
Neck pain 20 406 270 578 11 407 273 583 0
Diabetes mellitus 16 446 361 547 12 392 304 496 −53
Colon and rectum cancer 10 535 495 580 13 381 326 442 −154
Other cardiovascular and circulatory diseases 17 442 362 539 14 374 314 457 −67
Lower respiratory infections 19 429 387 470 15 362 304 428 −67
Anxiety disorders 21 352 244 476 16 353 245 479 0
Hemorrhagic stroke 8 648 598 701 17 338 292 388 − 311
Motor vehicle road injuries 6 902 755 998 18 330 274 414 − 573
Alcohol use disorders 25 282 224 359 19 327 263 401 44
Ischemic stroke 7 723 660 792 20 325 277 374 − 398
  1. aage-standardized DALY per 100,000