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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis presenting adjusted odds ratios for each childhood health and well-being outcome by ACE count and demographics

From: Adverse childhood experiences and sources of childhood resilience: a retrospective study of their combined relationships with child health and educational attendance

  Common childhood conditionsa  
Asthma Allergies Headaches Digestive Poor childhood healthb High school absenteeismc
AOR (95%CIs) P AOR (95%CIs) P AOR (95%CIs) P AOR (95%CIs) P AOR (95%CIs) P AOR (95%CIs) P
ACE count
 0 Ref ***   ***   ***   ***   ***   ***
 1 1.25 (0.89–1.75) 0.205 1.17 (0.88–1.55) 0.290 1.48 (1.14–1.93) ** 1.78 (1.28–2.48) *** 1.51 (1.11–2.05) ** 2.15 (1.48–3.14) ***
 2–3 1.91 (1.38–2.64) *** 1.35 (1.01–1.81) * 1.83 (1.40–2.39) *** 1.64 (1.15–2.33) ** 2.33 (1.73–3.14) *** 2.79 (1.93–4.04) ***
  ≥ 4 2.76 (2.00–3.82) *** 2.47 (1.87–3.28) *** 3.03 (2.31–3.97) *** 3.80 (2.76–5.22) *** 4.68 (3.50–6.26) *** 7.24 (5.15–10.19) ***
Age (years)
 18–29 Ref ***   0.050   ***   0.592   **   *
 30–39 0.83 (0.59–1.17) 0.284 1.00 (0.73–1.38) 0.999 0.71 (0.53–0.96) 0.025 0.94 (0.62–1.42) 0.771 0.74 (0.53–1.04) 0.080 1.11 (0.74–1.65) 0.619
 40–49 0.40 (0.28–0.59) *** 0.75 (0.54–1.04) 0.082 0.70 (0.52–0.93) * 1.11 (0.74–1.64) 0.620 0.65 (0.47–0.91) * 1.08 (0.72–1.60) 0.714
 50–59 0.48 (0.34–0.69) *** 0.82 (0.60–1.13) 0.234 0.55 (0.40–0.74) *** 1.27 (0.86–1.88) 0.225 0.54 (0.38–0.76) *** 1.16 (0.78–1.73) 0.452
 60–69 0.34 (0.23–0.51) *** 0.66 (0.47–0.92) * 0.53 (0.39–0.71) *** 1.16 (0.78–1.72) 0.473 0.69 (0.49–0.96) * 0.61 (0.38–0.96) *
Sexd
 Male 1.15 (0.91–1.47) 0.224 0.81 (0.66–1.00) * 0.69 (0.56–0.84) *** 0.77 (0.60–0.99) * 0.95 (0.76–1.18) 0.617 1.16 (0.90–1.51) 0.258
Deprivation quintile
 1 (least deprived) Ref 0.993   0.320   0.554   0.444   0.102   ***
 2 1.06 (0.71–1.57) 0.785 1.19 (0.85–1.66) 0.305 1.23 (0.89–1.69) 0.206 1.22 (0.82–1.82) 0.337 1.17 (0.80–1.72) 0.413 1.49 (0.91–2.45) 0.113
 3 0.98 (0.66–1.44) 0.899 1.08 (0.78–1.50) 0.626 1.25 (0.92–1.70) 0.162 1.27 (0.86–1.87) 0.226 1.38 (0.96–1.99) 0.081 1.49 (0.93–2.40) 0.099
 4 1.03 (0.69–1.53) 0.881 1.04 (0.74–1.47) 0.809 1.22 (0.89–1.69) 0.219 0.95 (0.63–1.45) 0.819 1.60 (1.11–2.32) * 2.63 (1.66–4.18) ***
 5 (most deprived) 0.99 (0.65–1.50) 0.963 0.81 (0.56–1.18) 0.271 1.06 (0.75–1.48) 0.744 0.97 (0.63–1.50) 0.900 1.45 (0.98–2.13) 0.062 2.85 (1.78–4.56) ***
Samplee
 Boost 0.94 (0.68–1.30) 0.723 1.06 (0.81–1.38) 0.677 0.90 (0.69–1.16) 0.403 1.13 (0.83–1.55) 0.431 1.08 (0.81–1.43) 0.603 0.89 (0.62–1.28) 0.533
Ethnicityf
 Other 0.32 (0.13–0.81) * 1.12 (0.66–1.91) 0.673 1.11 (0.68–1.82) 0.672 1.46 (0.80–2.67) 0.216 0.70 (0.37–1.32) 0.272 0.32 (0.11–0.89) *
  1. Ref = reference category; AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio; *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001. aPositive response: sometimes or often suffered each condition; bSelf-rated overall health in childhood was categorised ‘poor’ for responses fair or poor; other options were excellent, very good or good; cSecondary school absenteeism was rated high if > 20 days per year; dReference group = female; eBoost is additional randomised sample from high Welsh language areas (> 40% Welsh speaking), reference group = core sample; fReference group = White