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Table 1 Relationship between childhood health and well-being status measures, ACE count and demographics

From: Adverse childhood experiences and sources of childhood resilience: a retrospective study of their combined relationships with child health and educational attendance

   Percentage with each condition/outcome   
  Common childhood conditionsa Poor childhood healthb
%
High school
Absenteeismc
%
n Asthma
%
Allergies
%
Headaches
%
Digestive
%
All   2452 13.3 19.0 23.3 12.5 17.2 12.0
ACE count 0 1262 9.4 15.4 17.0 8.3 10.9 5.5
  1 464 12.0 17.9 24.1 14.0 15.9 11.6
  2–3 398 18.1 20.6 28.6 13.1 22.6 15.6
  ≥4 328 24.1 32.3 40.2 25.9 36.9 32.9
  X 2   58.515 49.695 87.569 75.100 133.594 190.809
  P   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Age (years) 18–29 437 21.5 22.7 32.0 12.6 24.0 14.0
  30–39 452 18.1 22.3 25.0 11.3 18.4 14.2
  40–49 495 9.9 17.8 24.4 12.9 16.8 13.3
  50–59 505 11.5 18.8 19.8 14.1 13.7 13.5
  60–69 563 7.6 14.6 17.6 11.7 14.6 6.2
  X 2   56.814 14.786 33.362 2.128 21.967 23.292
  P   < 0.001 0.005 < 0.001 0.712 < 0.001 < 0.001
Sex Male 1115 13.9 17.0 19.6 10.8 16.4 12.3
  Female 1337 12.8 20.6 26.5 14.0 17.9 11.7
  X 2   0.652 5.394 16.304 5.770 0.914 0.171
  P   0.420 0.020 < 0.001 0.016 0.339 0.680
Deprivation quintile
 (least deprived) 1 459 11.5 17.2 19.4 10.9 12.2 6.3
  2 513 13.3 20.5 23.2 13.1 15.0 9.4
  3 614 12.9 19.9 24.4 14.5 18.1 9.9
  4 470 14.5 19.6 25.1 11.3 20.9 17.0
 (most deprived) 5 396 14.6 16.9 24.2 12.1 20.2 19.2
  X 2   2.504 3.192 5.418 4.154 17.013 50.560
  P   0.644 0.526 0.247 0.386 0.002 <.0001
Sampled Core 1981 13.5 18.7 23.6 12.1 17.1 12.5
  Boost 471 12.3 20.2 22.1 14.4 17.8 10.0
  X 2   0.487 0.552 0.507 1.956 0.159 2.235
  P   0.485 0.458 0.476 0.162 0.690 0.135
Ethnicity White 2362 13.6 18.9 23.2 12.4 17.4 12.3
  Other 90 5.6 21.1 26.7 15.6 13.3 4.4
  X 2   4.855 0.280 0.582 0.786 0.986 5.041
  P   0.028 0.597 0.445 0.375 0.321 0.025
  1. aPositive response: sometimes or often suffered each condition; bSelf-rated overall health in childhood was categorised ‘poor’ for responses fair or poor; other options were excellent, very good or good; cSecondary school absenteeism was rated high if > 20 days per year; dCore sample was randomly stratified nationally, boost was randomised across high Welsh speaking areas (see methods)