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Table 2 Physical activity and fruit and vegetable intake in the INFORM trial at baseline and follow-up

From: The association between psychosocial factors and change in lifestyle behaviour following lifestyle advice and information about cardiovascular disease risk

  Baseline Follow-up P value
  N n (%) or mean ± SD N n (%) or mean ± SD  
Physical activity
 Accelerometry
  Time wearing accelerometer (h)* 688 159.8 ± 21.6 624 151.2 ± 31.6 < 0.001
  Average acceleration (mg/min) 688 13.0 ± 5.6 624 13.5 ± 6.8 0.738
 Self-reported
  Total recreational activity (h/w) 712 19.5 ± 13.4 625 20.3 ± 12.7 0.003
  Vigorous recreational activity (h/w) 715 11.0 ± 9.70 714 10.2 ± 9.60 0.362§
Fruit and vegetable intake
 Blood test
  Plasma carotenoid level (μmol/l) 670 3.22 ± 1.44 612 2.74 ± 1.15 < 0.001||
 Self-reported
  Eating 5 A Day 716 218 (30.5) 630 313 (49.7) < 0.001
  1. Number and percentage of participants are presented for categorical variables; mean and standard deviation are presented for continuous variables
  2. *Excluding those who wore the accelerometer for less than 24 h
  3. n = 604; using Wilcoxon signed-rank test
  4. n = 623; using Wilcoxon signed-rank test
  5. §n = 713; using Wilcoxon signed-rank test
  6. ||n = 574; using paired t test
  7. n = 630; using Chi-squared test
  8. H hours, h/w hours per week, N/n number of participants, SD standard deviation