Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable associations with appraisal delay interval (in days) using multiplicative heteroscedasticity

From: Impact of geographic distance on appraisal delay for active TB treatment seeking in Uganda: a network analysis of the Kawempe Community Health Cohort Study

Treatment-seeking characteristic Change in # of days’ delay (95% CI) P Change in variance of days’ delay (95% CI) P
Geographic distance
 Pedestrian network travel time (min) −0.05 (−0.41, 0.32) 0.79 0.009 (− 0.002, 0.02) 0.10
 Driving network travel time (min) 0.25 (0.05, 0.47) 0.02 0.003 (−0.002, 0.01) 0.25
 Euclidean distance (km) −2.54 (−10.3, 5.24) 0.52 −0.32 (− 0.56, − 0.06) 0.02
 Self-reported distance (km) 0.95 (− 0.13, 2.02) 0.09 0.01 (− 0.01, 0.04) 0.30
Predisposing factors
 Age (in years) 0.64 (0.31, 0.98) <.001 0.02 (0.01, 0.03) <.001
Enabling Factors
 Education (years) −0.50 (−1.16, 0.16) 0.14 −0.02 (− 0.03, 0.002) 0.08
Need factors
Perceived by patient
 Cough most recent symptom
  Yes 13.35 (4.67, 22.02) 0.003 0.50 (0.29, 0.70) < 0.001
  No Ref   Ref  
Need factors
 Evaluated by doctor
  BMI −0.54 (−1.36, 0.28) 0.20 −0.03 (− 0.05, −.004) 0.02
 HIV Status
  Positive −0.70 (−7.2, 5.83) 0.83 0.05 (−0.16, 0.26) 0.66
  Negative Ref   Ref  
 Cavitary disease
  Yes 8.99 (2.20, 15.79) 0.009 0.31 (0.09, 0.53) 0.006
  No Ref   Ref  
 Cavitary disease extenta
  Far advanced 3.29 (−8.90, 15.48) 0.60 −0.23 (−0.55, 0.11) 0.18
  Moderately advanced −5.13 (−16.03, 5.79) 0.36 −0.18 (− 0.49, 0.12) 0.23
  Normal or Minimal Ref   Ref  
 AFB Grade smear
  3+ = 3 −1.0 (−12.43,10.45) 0.86 −0.05 (− 0.48, 0.38) 0.83
  2+ = 2 6.21 (−7.6, 20.03) 0.38 0.49 (0.002, 0.98) 0.05
  0–1+ = 1 Ref   Ref  
 Culture result
  50+ colonies 12.49 (5.01, 19.97) 0.001 0.41(0.16, 0.66) 0.002
  30–49 colonies 13.63 (4.17, 23.10) 0.005 0.32 (0.003, 0.62) 0.05
  0–29 colonies Ref   Ref  
Constant 39.5 (25.3, 55.7) < 0.01 3.17 (2.67, 3.66) < 0.001
  1. aReference group comprised normal (N = 28) and minimal (N = 73) cavitary disease
  2. Ref Reference category