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Table 2 Sample of the lesson plans

From: Randomised-controlled trial of a web-based dietary intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes: changes in health cognitions and glycemic control

Lesson plan General recommendations Intervention objectives Patient’s objectives
Sugar • Total free sugar not > 10% unless if the glucose level is under control. • Educate on various other forms of sugar in food products.
• Emphasise on homemade foods with less or no sugar.
• Able to identify and reduce consumption of common food products that are high in hidden sugar.
Fruits & vegetables • 5–7 servings of fruits and vegetables a day.
• Fruits and vegetables to contribute natural micronutrients without the need for supplements.
• Consume fruits and vegetables as whole whenever possible.
• Educate and advocate fruits and vegetables as the main source of vitamins and minerals.
• Include fruits and vegetables in main meals or as snacks to achieve the recommended servings per day.
Eating out habit • Maintain healthy eating outside home. • Encourage to choose sugar-free or sugar-less meals.
• Keep the total calorie intake low when eating out.
• Reduce consumption of artificial flavouring such as sauces, dressings, salt or sugar when eating out.
• Learn to pick low calorie foods when dining out.