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Table 3 The content of adolescent haze related knowledge awareness assessment scale (AHRKAAS)

From: Development and testing of the reliability and validity of the adolescent haze related knowledge awareness assessment scale (AHRKAAS)

Dimensions Items Completely know 5 Know most 4 Moderately know 3 Know a small part 2 Don’t know 1
The cognition of factitious factors of haze formation Q1. I know that factory emissions can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
Q2. I know that burning agricultural straw can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q3. I know that forest fires can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q4. I know that burning garbage can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q5. I know that coal-fired heating can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q6. I know that dust produced from cars can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q7. I know that automobile exhaust can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
The cognition of natural factors of haze formation Q8. I know that when there is no wind, haze can be caused. 5 4 3 2 1
Q9. I know that a decrease in rainfall can cause haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q10. I know that when the relative humidity of the air is high, haze can be caused. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q11. I know that when the temperature is low, haze can be caused. 5 4 3 2 1
The cognition of haze harmful effects on the human body Q12. I know haze can cause pneumonia. 5 4 3 2 1
Q13. I know that haze can cause lung cancer. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q14. I know that haze can cause the blood pressure to rise. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q15. I know that haze can cause heart disease. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q16. I know haze can cause dysfunction of the arteries. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q17. I know haze can cause dysfunction of the nervous system. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q18. I know haze can cause metabolic diseases. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q19. I know haze can cause reproductive dysfunction. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q20. I know the haze can cause allergic reactions in the body. 5 4 3 2 1
The cognition of haze health protection measures Q21. I know that window opening time should be reduced in haze. 5 4 3 2 1
Q22. I know that outdoor activities should be reduced in haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q23. I know that I should wear a protective mask in haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q24. I know that I should relax my mood in haze. 5 4 3 2 1
  Q25. I know that I should maintain enough sleep in haze. 5 4 3 2 1