Skip to main content

Table 5 Multiple comorbidities associated with global self-rated health stratified by residential location and sex

From: Association between multiple comorbidities and self-rated health status in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: the China Kadoorie Biobank study

  Administrative region P for interaction Sex P for interaction
Rural Urban Male Female
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Cardiometabolic diseases
 Coronary heart disease 2.75 2.55, 2.96 2.34 2.22, 2.46 < 0.001 2.57 2.41, 2.75 2.50 2.37, 2.64 0.12
 Rheumatic heart disease 3.63 2.82, 4.67 2.62 2.03, 3.37 0.07 4.41 2.99, 6.49 2.86 2.33, 3.50 0.07
 Stroke 2.92 2.67, 3.20 2.69 2.50, 2.89 0.02 3.16 2.93, 3.40 2.69 2.46, 2.93 0.23
 Hypertension 1.15 1.13, 1.17 1.22 1.20, 1.25 0.006 1.24 1.22, 1.27 1.24 1.22, 1.27 0.01
 Diabetes 1.64 1.57, 1.71 1.83 1.77, 1.90 0.007 1.90 1.82, 1.98 1.69 1.63, 1.75 0.006
Respiratory diseases
 Tuberculosis 1.60 1.48, 1.73 1.37 1.28, 1.47 < 0.001 1.55 1.45, 1.66 1.40 1.30, 1.51 0.31
 Emphysema/bronchitis 2.87 2.71, 3.05 1.81 1.70, 1.92 < 0.001 2.49 2.34, 2.64 2.45 2.31, 2.60 0.99
 Asthma 1.89 1.63, 2.20 2.16 1.93, 2.41 0.69 2.05 1.78, 2.35 2.05 1.81, 2.31 0.81
Musculoskeletal diseases
 Fracture 1.09 1.06, 1.13 1.01 0.98, 1.04 < 0.001 1.09 1.05, 1.12 1.10 1.07, 1.14 0.88
 Rheumatoid arthritis 1.82 1.70, 1.94 1.91 1.80, 2.03 0.80 1.71 1.58, 1.85 1.87 1.77, 1.97 0.008
Mental diseases
 Depressive Symptoms 2.50 2.24, 2.78 2.49 2.16, 2.89 0.53 2.60 2.22, 3.05 2.70 2.44, 3.00 0.98
 Psychiatric disorders 1.94 1.68, 2.24 1.88 1.62, 2.19 0.68 2.40 1.97, 2.93 2.04 1.79, 2.31 0.10
 Neurasthenia 2.00 1.82, 2.19 1.91 1.75, 2.07 0.22 1.90 1.70, 2.13 2.23 2.07, 2.41 0.005
Digestive diseases
 Cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis 1.56 1.45, 1.68 1.89 1.74, 2.06 < 0.001 1.70 1.59, 1.83 1.58 1.45, 1.73 0.07
 Peptic ulcer 1.80 1.72, 1.89 1.61 1.55, 1.68 < 0.001 1.57 1.50, 1.63 1.89 1.80, 1.99 < 0.001
 Gallstone/gallbladder disease 1.57 1.51, 1.62 1.37 1.32, 1.42 < 0.001 1.52 1.45, 1.60 1.61 1.56, 1.66 0.004
Cancer 2.09 1.81, 2.40 2.71 2.37, 3.09 0.01 2.99 2.54, 3.51 2.31 2.05, 2.61 0.02
Other diseases
 Kidney disease 1.75 1.63, 1.88 1.40 1.30, 1.51 < 0.001 1.50 1.38, 1.63 1.72 1.61, 1.84 < 0.001
 Head injury 1.26 1.17, 1.37 1.20 1.11, 1.30 0.10 1.19 1.11, 1.28 1.20 1.09, 1.31 0.81
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence intervals, OR odds ratio
  2. Odds ratios (95% CI) were calculated after adjustment of age, sex, study location, marital status, household income, education level, occupation, alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, physical activity, BMI, family history of five diseases (stroke, heart attack, diabetes, mental disorders and cancer) and all comorbidities, except for the stratified variable in the corresponding stratified analysis