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Table 3 Sex-specific diagnostic test performance of the anthropometric indices for incident type 2 diabetes, TLGS study

From: Optimal cut-points of different anthropometric indices and their joint effect in prediction of type 2 diabetes: results of a cohort study

  Cut-point No. of subjects above cut-point No. of Incident T2D Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) PPV (%)
Men (N = 2419)
 BMI (kg/m2)
  Youden’s index 26.49 1043 243 67.7 61.4 23.3
  Sensitivity = 75% 25.56 1258 269 74.9 52.0 21.4
 WC (cm)
  Youden’s index 87.00 1415 292 81.3 45.5 20.6
  Sensitivity = 75% 89.00 1254 265 73.8 52.0 21.1
 WHtR
  Youden’s index 0.54 940 224 62.7 65.0 23.8
  Sensitivity = 75% 0.52 1229 262 74.9 51.4 21.3
 WHR
  Youden’s index 0.92 1122 246 71.9 55.5 21.9
  Sensitivity = 75% 0.91 1247 267 75.2 50.3 21.4
 HC (cm)
  Youden’s index 96.00 1418 268 74.6 44.2 18.9
  Sensitivity = 75% 96.00 1418 268 74.6 44.2 18.9
Women (N = 3319)
 BMI (kg/m2)
  Youden’s index 29.27 1080 300 60.4 72.4 27.8
  Sensitivity = 75% 27.12 1619 373 75.0 55.8 23.0
 WC (cm)
  Youden’s index 91.00 1166 331 66.6 70.4 28.4
  Sensitivity = 75% 87.00 1557 376 75.6 58.2 24.1
 WHtR
  Youden’s index 0.56 1365 366 73.6 64.8 26.8
  Sensitivity = 75% 0.56 1414 373 75.0 63.1 26.4
 WHR
  Youden’s index 0.83 1502 358 73.0 59.1 23.8
  Sensitivity = 75% 0.83 1589 371 75.0 56.7 23.3
 HC (cm)
  Youden’s index 106.00 1338 302 60.8 63.3 22.6
  Sensitivity = 75% 103.00 1833 367 73.8 48.0 20.0
  1. T2D type 2 diabetes mellitus, PPV positive predictive value, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHtR waist to height ratio, WHR waist to hip ratio, HC hip circumference