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Table 2 Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors stratified by gender and age

From: Prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in rural Nepalese population aged 40–80 years

Characteristics Current Smoking Harmful use of alcohol Fruit/Vegetable< 5 servings Inadequate Physical activity Overweight and obesity Hypertension Diabetes mellitus TC (> 200 mg/dl) TG(> 150 mg/dl) HDL (M < 40, F < 50 mg/dl) LDL(> 130 mg/dl) Dyslipidemia
Men and Women
 40–49 17.5 9.5 66.4 14.6 64.2 36.5 15.3 19 26.3 32.1 11.7 57.9
 50–59 25.7 14.3 76.2 6.7 59.0 42.9 15.1 19 29.5 30.5 9.5 58.1
 60–69 31.0 9.9 71.8 8.5 64.8 52.1 15.5 15.5 28.2 23.9 12.7 56.3
 70–79 31.3 6.3 81.3 6.3 28.1 50 15.6 6.2 21.9 31.2 3.1 40.6
 Total 24.1 10.7 71.9 10.1 59.4 42.9 16.2 17.1 27.2 29.9 10.4 55.9
 95% CI 19.5–28.6 7.4–13.9 67.1–76.6 6.9–13.2 54.2–64.5 37.6–48.1 14.0–18.3 14.9–19.2 24.6–29.7 27.2–32.5 8.6–12.1 53.0–58.7
Age sex adjusted prevalence 24.9 10.4 71.5 9.9 58.6 43.2 15.9 16.8 27.5 29.3 10.1 55.4
Men
 40–49 26.2 20.0 75.4 9.2 56.9 44.6 16.9 24.6 35.4 13.8 18.5 55.4
 50–59 26.1 28.3 78.3 2.2 69.6 52.2 17.4 17.4 34.8 10.9 8.7 50.0
 60–69 37.5 18.8 71.9 12.5 65.6 46.9 15.6 15.6 34.4 18.8 12.5 56.3
 70–79 36.4 9.1 90.9 0.0 36.4 36.4 9.1 9.1 27.3 0.0 0.0 27.3
 Total 29.2 21.4 76.6 7.1 61.0 46.8 16.2 19.5 34.4 13.0 13.0 51.9
Women
 40–49 9.7 0.0 58.3 19.4 70.8 29.2 13.9 13.9 18.1 48.6 5.6 59.7
 50–59 25.4 3.1 74.6 10.2 50.8 35.6 18.6 20.3 25.4 45.8 10.2 64.4
 60–69 25.6 4.8 71.8 5.1 64.1 56.4 15.4 15.4 23.1 28.2 12.8 56.4
 70–79 28.6 4.2 76.2 9.5 23.8 57.1 19.0 4.8 19 47.6 4.8 47.6
 Total 19.9 2.3 68.1 12.6 58.1 39.8 16.2 15.2 21.5 43.5 8.4 59.2
P value (men and women) 0.044 < 0.001 0.079 0.097 0.58 0.194 0.99 0.29 0.007 0.001 0.16 0.18
P value (age groups) 0.105 0.56 0.506 0.224 0.002 0.144 0.94 0.33 0.84 0.66 0.47 0.33
  1. TC Total cholesterol, TG Triglyceride, HDL High-density Lipoprotein, LDL Low-density Lipoprotein