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Table 4 Baseline characteristics: insufficiently active participants vs. active participants

From: Characteristics of insufficiently active participants that benefit from health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) promotion programs implemented in the sports club setting

  Insufficiently active participants Active participants P-valuea
Sample size (n) 161 297  
Demographic characteristics
 Gender n, (%)
  Female 85 (52.8) 176 (59.3) 0.08
  Male 76 (47.2) 121 (40.7)  
 Age, mean ± SD (years) 43 ± 10 46 ± 12 0.08
 Overweight (BMI ≥ 25) n, (%)b
  Yes 82 (50.9) 119 (40.2) 0.02*
  No 79 (49.1) 177 (59.8)  
 Ethnicity n, (%)c
  Dutch 133 (93.0) 224 (94.1) 0.79
  Foreign 10 (7.0) 14 (5.9)  
 Chronic diseases n, (%)c
  Yes 23 (16.0) 29 (12.1) 0.28
  No 121 (84.0) 210 (87.9)  
 Education n, (%)c
  Low-average 77 (53.9) 147 (61.5) 0.14
  High 66 (46.2) 92 (38.5)  
Social factors
 Regular sports participation of most… n, (%)
 Family members
  Yes 111 (68.9) 224 (75.4) 0.11
  No 50 (31.1) 73 (24.6)  
 Friends
  Yes 115 (71.4) 239 (80.5) 0.02*
  No 46 (28.6) 58 (19.5)  
 Supporting participant’s sport participation by most… n, (%)
 Family members
  Yes 86 (53.4) 150 (50.5) 0.61
  No 75 (46.6) 147 (49.5)  
 Friends
  Yes 92 (57.1) 146 (49.2) 0.11
  No 69 (42.9) 151 (50.8)  
Sport history
 Participation in sport before program n, (%)
  Yes 87 (54.0) 238 (80.1) < 0.001*
  No 74 (46.0) 59 (19.9)  
 Member of a sports club n, (%)
  Yes 71 (44.1) 158 (53.2) 0.07
  No 90 (55.9) 139 (46.8)  
Physical activity
 Light-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 1967 ± 1361 1923 ± 1343 0.68
 Moderate-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 101 ± 159 516 ± 714 < 0.001*
 Vigorous-intensity PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 60 ± 79 391 ± 341 < 0.001*
 Total time spent in PA, mean ± SD (min/week) 2128 ± 1378 2829 ± 1403 < 0.001*
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, PA Physical activity, SD Standard deviation
  2. aP-value adjusted for sporting program
  3. b BMI could not be calculated for one respondent
  4. c n < sample n, because questions were not mandatory. Consequently, not all participants completed these questions
  5. * Significant (p < 0.05) difference between insufficiently active participants and active participants