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Table 2 Correlates of HIV status non-disclosure among HIV-uninfected mothers with current male partners (n = 2102)a

From: Prevalence and correlates of non-disclosure of maternal HIV status to male partners: a national survey in Kenya

  Univariate Multivariateb
Characteristic OR (95% CI) p-value aOR (95% CI)2 p-value
Maternal characteristics
Age (years)   0.98 (0.93–1.03) 0.502   
Unmarried/not cohabiting 5.90 (2.69–12.94) < 0.001* 3.79 (1.56–9.19) 0.004
Duration of relationship (years) 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.613   
Education None ref    
  Primary 1.67 (0.56–4.95) 0.350   
  Secondary 0.79 (0.25–2.46) 0.677   
  > Secondary 0.81 (0.23–2.86) 0.738   
Employment Salaried ref    
Self employed 3.09 (0.93–10.31) 0.066   
Housewife 2.35 (0.74–7.50) 0.146   
Unemployed 3.64 (0.96–13.81) 0.057   
KSH ≤ 5000 income/month 2.25 (1.23–4.12) 0.009* 1.85 (1.00–3.41) 0.050
IPV (from current male partner)c 3.48 (1.83–6.62) < 0.001* 3.65 (1.84–7.21) < 0.001
Current male partner characteristics
Partner age (years) 0.99 (0.94–1.04) 0.634   
Partner education None Ref    
Primary 2.89 (0.38–21.99) 0.304   
Secondary 1.71 (0.21–13.72) 0.613   
> Secondary 1.25 (0.14–10.77) 0.838   
Partner employment Unemployed Ref    
Self employed 1.55 (0.65–3.71) 0.321   
Salaried 0.80 (0.30–2.10) 0.641   
Partner tested for HIV   1.25 (0.67–2.31) 0.476   
Partner HIV statusd HIV-uninfected Ref    
  HIV-infected    
  Unknown 4.23 (0.92–19.50) 0.064   
Obstetric history
Number of living children 1.08 (0.94–1.23) 0.266   
≥4 ANC visits e 0.63 (0.40–0.99) 0.047   
Partner did not attend ANCe 4.17 (1.92–9.05) < 0.001 4.12 (1.89–8.95) < 0.001
Health facility deliverye 0.43 (0.26–0.71) 0.001* 0.47 (0.26–0.82) 0.009
  1. SD standard deviation, IPV intimate partner violence, ANC antenatal care, OR odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. aMissing data not shown; all models adjusted for clinic-level clustering
  3. bMultivariate models adjusted for marital status, duration of relationship and partner ANC attendance
  4. cIPV defined as having a score ≥ 10.5 on HITS scale
  5. dAmong male partners who were tested for HIV
  6. eDuring the most recent pregnancy