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Table 1 Characteristics of mothers with current male partners and known HIV status (n = 2522)a

From: Prevalence and correlates of non-disclosure of maternal HIV status to male partners: a national survey in Kenya

Characteristic N (%), Mean (SD)
HIV-infected (n = 420) HIV-uninfected (n = 2102)
Maternal characteristics
Age (years)   28.4 (5.5) 25.8 (5.5)
Unmarried/not cohabiting 11 (3%) 64 (3%)
Duration of relationship (years) 6.8 (5.2) 5.3 (4.7)
Education None 32 (7.6%) 141 (6.7%)
  Primary 243 (58%) 988 (47%)
  Secondary 111 (26%) 669 (32%)
  > Secondary 34 (8%) 304 (14%)
Employment Salaried 38 (9%) 221 (11%)
Self employed 138 (33%) 564 (27%)
Housewife 173 (41%) 956 (46%)
Unemployed 68 (16%) 335 (16%)
Income/month KSH ≤ 5000 118 (48%) 837 (62%)
KSH > 5000 128 (52%) 507 (38%)
IPV (from current male partner)b 60 (14%) 111 (5%)
Current male partner characteristics
Partner age 35.0 (7.7) 31.2 (6.8)
Partner education None 19 (5%) 63 (3%)
Primary 150 (39%) 697 (34%)
Secondary 175 (45%) 859 (42%)
> Secondary 44 (11%) 405 (20%)
Partner employment Unemployed 54 (13%) 240 (12%)
Self employed 199 (48%) 943 (45%)
Salaried 162 (39%) 900 (43%)
Partner tested for HIV   322 (77%) 1471 (70%)
Partner HIV statusc HIV infected 228 (71%) 7 (1%)
  HIV uninfected 88 (27%) 1433 (97%)
  Unknown 6 (2%) 31 (2%)
Obstetric history
Number of living children 2.9 (1.4) 2.3 (1.5)
Attended any ANCd 414 (99%) 2080 (99%)
≥4 ANC visitsd 240 (59%) 988 (49%)
Partner did not attend ANCd 270 (66%) 1288 (62%)
Health facility deliveryd 352 (84%) 1640 (78%)
HIV status disclosure
Did not disclose HIV status to current male partner 53 (13%) 72 (3%)
  1. SD standard deviation, IPV intimate partner violence, ANC antenatal care
  2. aMissing data not shown, all models adjusted for clinic-level clustering
  3. bIPV defined as having a score ≥ 10.5 on HITS scale
  4. cAmong male partners who were tested for HIV
  5. dDuring the most recent pregnancy