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Table 3 Participants’ knowledge of diabetes before and after training

From: Diabetes management training for female community health volunteers in Western Nepal: an implementation experience

Items Pre-test (%) Post-test (%) t p value
True False True False
Eating too much sugar and other sweet foods is a cause of diabetes. 75 25 90 10 −1.8 0.08
The usual cause of diabetes is lack of effective insulin in the body. 20 80 40 60 −2.1 0.04a
Diabetes is caused by failure of the kidneys to keep sugar out of the urine. 15 85 45 55 −2.8 0.01a
Kidneys produce insulin. 30 70 45 55 −1.8 0.08
In untreated diabetes, the amount of sugar in the blood usually increases. 65 35 80 20 −1.8 0.08
If I am diabetic, my children have a higher chance of being diabetic. 40 60 60 40 −1.7 0.1
Diabetes can be cured. 85 15 90 10 −0.6 0.5
A fasting blood sugar level of 210 is too high. 40 60 90 10 −3.6 0.001a
The best way to check my diabetes is by testing my urine. 25 75 55 45 2.8 0.01a
Regular exercise will increase the need for insulin or other diabetic medication. 30 70 45 55 −1.8 0.08
There are two main types of diabetes: 20 80 95 5 7.5 0.000a
An insulin reaction is caused by too much food. 5 95 20 80 −1.8 0.08
Medication is more important than diet and exercise to control my diabetes. 25 75 40 60 1.8 0.08
Diabetes often causes poor circulation 70 30 80 20 −1.5 0.16
Cuts and abrasions on diabetes heal more slowly. 70 30 80 20 −3.5 0.002a
Diabetics should take extra care when cutting their toenails. 50 50 90 10 2.8 0.01a
A person with diabetes should cleanse a cut with iodine and alcohol. 25 75 55 45 −2.1 0.04a
The way I prepare my food is as important as the foods I eat. 10 90 30 70 4 0.08
Diabetes can damage my kidneys. 60 40 75 25 1.8 0.08
Diabetes can cause loss of feeling in my hands, fingers and feet. 85 15 95 5 1.4 0.162
Shaking and sweating are signs of high blood sugar. 80 20 95 5 2.9 0.0006a
Frequent urination and thirst are signs of low blood sugar. 5 95 45 55 3.5 0.002a
Tight elastic hose or socks are not bad for diabetics. 35 65 75 25 −3.5 0.002a
A diabetic diet consists mostly of special foods. 15 85 50 50 3.1 0.002a
  1. aSignificant at α = 0.05