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Table 2 One-way Anova- and T-test analyses between anthropometric indicators and independent variables (n = 1005)

From: Determinants of child anthropometric indicators in Ethiopia

    Wasting (weight for height) stunting (height for age) underweight (weight for age) BMI for age
Sex of children Female Mean 0.1484 −1.0629 −0.5610 0.2111
   SD 1.8437 2.2316 1.6612 1.8923
  Male Mean −0.1650 −1.5870 − 0.9580 − 0.0181
   SD −0.2325 2.2905 1.7326 2.1102
   T-Test ** ** *** n.s
Children age groups 6–11 Mean −0.2064 − 0.5442 − 0.7360 − 0.2463
   SD 2.2475 2.5809 1.9379 2.2847
  12–23 Mean 0.0963 −1.6473 −0.6868 0.2940
   SD 1.9181 2.2235 1.7390 1.9574
  24–59 Mean −0.2099 −1.5841 −1.0242 −0.0072
   SD 1.6772 1.9117 1.4096 1.8461
   Anova F-Test n.s *** * **
Children Diarrhea in the last two weeks No Mean −0.0518 −1.4115 −0.7895 0.0758
  SD 1.9372 2.3108 1.6909 2.0274
  Yes Mean −0.1919 −1.1421 − 0.8469 0.0109
   SD 1.9416 2.1070 1.8231 1.9541
   T-Test n.s n.s n.s n.s
Children dietary diversity 0–3 Mean −0.0249 −1.3540 − 0.7196 0.1132
   SD 1.9155 2.2560 1.6952 2.0104
  4–7 Mean −0.1292 −1.2584 − 0.8714 − 0.0069
   SD 1.9861 2.3718 1.6545 1.9824
   T-Test n.s n.s n.s n.s
Open defecation No Mean −0.1344 −1.6229 − 0.7763 0.2890
   SD 1.9714 2.1786 1.7479 2.0103
  Yes Mean −0.1408 −1.3276 −0.7327 0.0677
   SD 2.0227 2.2673 1.7080 2.1490
   T-Test n.s n.s n.s **
Region Afar Mean −0.7815 −1.0404 −1.1039 −0.7053
   SD 1.8165 2.3252 1.5704 1.9519
  East Hararghe Mean 0.1154 −2.0501 −1.0630 0.3189
   SD 1.9477 2.0433 1.6684 1.9991
  West Hararghe Mean 0.2112 −0.8652 −0.3076 0.3257
   SD 1.9145 2.3130 1.7391 1.97044
   Anova F-Test *** *** *** ***
Maternal education No education Mean −0.1355 −1.4260 − 0.8693 0.0116
   SD 1.9710 2.2208 1.7637 2.0353
  Have education Mean 0.2331 −1.1238 −0.4727 0.3394
   SD 1.8248 2.4981 1.4650 1.9673
   T-Test * n.s ** *
Maternal Muac (centimeter) 13–22 Mean −0.5964 −1.4673 −1.3404 − 0.4337
   SD 1.8520 2.2942 1.6320 1.9981
  23–34 Mean 0.1342 −1.3337 −0.6002 0.2668
   SD 1.9432 2.2752 1.7006 2.0021
   T-Test *** n.s *** ***
Maternal dietary diversity 0–3 Mean −0.0711 −1.3899 −0.7905 0.0797
   SD 1.9593 2.2551 1.7291 2.0500
  4–9 Mean −0.0374 −1.3163 −0.7903 0.0762
   SD 1.9159 2.3378 1.6797 1.9623
   T-Test n.s n.s n.s n.s
  1. Chi-square significance: * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001; n. s. not significant at the threshold of 0.05; n.s Non significant
  2. Source: Self-calculation of micro-data from Survey of Ethiopia 2016 (GROW)