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Table 2 Descriptive associations between socio-demographic, and IPV risk factors for women experiencing past year emotional IPV, and emotional and physical IPV (n = 902)1

From: Factors associated with recent intimate partner violence experience amongst currently married women in Afghanistan and health impacts of IPV: a cross sectional study

    No IPV Emotional IPV only Physical and Emotional IPV  
Demographic factors N %/mean n/95% %/mean n/95% %/mean n/95% p-value3
Age Age 18/24 155 70.2 106 11.3 17 18.5 28  
  25/29 165 71.5 118 10.9 18 17.6 29  
  30/34 162 63.6 103 13.0 21 23.5 38  
  35/39 200 64.0 128 13.5 27 22.5 45  
  40+ 224 63.4 142 10.3 23 26.3 59 0.5048
Education Education: None 748 65.8 492 11.9 89 22.3 167  
  Madrasa2 46 58.7 27 10.9 5 30.4 14  
  Primary 74 66.2 49 14.9 11 18.9 14  
  Secondary 31 83.9 26 3.2 1 12.9 4 0.2845
Ethnic Group Ethnic Group Pashtun 191 52.9 101 12.0 23 35.1 67  
  Tajik 482 72.4 349 10.4 50 17.2 83  
  Hazara 216 65.7 142 12.5 27 21.8 47  
  Other 13 38.5 5 46.2 6 15.4 2 < 0.00001
Individual level factors
  Attend women’s group savings (no) 523 75.0 392 5.9 31 19.1 100  
  Attend women’s group savings (yes) 379 54.1 205 19.8 75 26.1 99 < 0.00001
  Individual gender attitudes 902 21.8 21.5–22.0 22.6 22.0–23.2 22.7 22.2–23.1  
  Childhood Trauma 900 14.8 14.6–15.0 15.8 15.0–16.5 16.4 15.8–17.0  
Livelihoods related factors
  Food insecurity 901 4.7 4.5–4.9 6.2 5.7–6.7 6.6 6.2–7.0  
  Earnings past month 902 3382.0 3060–3705 3516.0 2673–4359 2603.0 2110–3096  
Family/husband factors
  Only wife 838 68.5 574 11.5 96 20.1 168  
  More than one wife 63 34.9 22 15.9 10 49.2 31 < 0.00001
  Husband cruelty 902 9.8 9.7–9.8 9.9 9.8–10.0 11.1 10.9–11.2  
  Violence from other family member (no) 735 73.1 537 10.3 76 16.6 122  
  Violence from other family member (yes) 167 35.9 60 18.0 30 46.1 77 < 0.00001
  Perceived community gender attitudes 902 21.5 21.2–21.7 22.9 22.4–23.4 23.5 23.7–24.0  
Health factors
  Depressive symptoms 901 12.5 11.9–13.1 15.8 14.1–17.5 20.8 19.3–22.4  
  Disability severity 897 1.0 0.9–1.1 1.7 1.4–2.0 2.4 2.2–2.7  
  1. 1 The difference in N between Table 1 and Table 2 is due to the categorization of IPV, where women (n = 17) who only experienced physical IPV were dropped from analysis; 2Madrasa – religious school; 3 p-values are calculated through chi-square tests for categorical variables