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Table 1 The evidence on physical activity in Arab Countries: studies, sample sizes and instruments

From: Physical inactivity, gender and culture in Arab countries: a systematic assessment of the literature

Country Total number of studies Data from Reports/Factsheetsa Data from Journal Articles
Studies (#) Sample size/range Single country studies (#) Multi-country studies (#) Sample size/range Nationally representative studies (#) Instruments usedb,c
Algeria 4 2 [116, 117] 4102 – 4532 1 [118] 1 [15] 293 – 4698d - Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
Bahrain 4 1 [119] 1769 4 [82, 120,121,122] 0 142 – 2013 1 [122] WHO Heart and Health Questionnaire [120]
Comoros 3 1 [123] 5556 0 2 [12, 13] 1492 – 212021d - IPAQ [12, 13]
Djibouti 1e 1 [124] 1777 0 1 [11, 58] 829 – 882 1 [58] PACE+ [11, 58]
Egypt 12e 2 [125, 126] 2568 – 5300 7 [34, 46, 74, 127,128,129,130] 4 [11, 21, 58, 131, 132] 188 – 3271 1 [58] IPAQ [131] PACE+ [11, 58]
Iraq 3 2 [133, 134] 2038 – 4120 1 [135] 0 200 - -
Jordan 15e 2 [136, 137] 2197 – 3654 12 [61, 64, 70, 72, 80, 81, 138,39,40,41,42,143] 2 [11, 15, 58] 209 – 8791 3 [58, 138, 141] PACE+ [11, 58] ATLS [140]
Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
KSA 48 1 [144] 3547 46 [19, 20, 24,25,26,27, 36, 38, 41, 42, 44, 48, 51,52,53,54, 65, 66, 68, 69, 73, 93, 96, 98, 99, 103, 107, 145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167] 1 [12] 30 – 197681 3 [38, 157, 167] ATLS [24, 42, 66, 98, 99, 167]
Barriers to Being Active Quiz: CDC website [44]
CDC Adolescent Health Survey [27]
Electronic Pedometer [19, 20]
GPAQ [36, 54, 107, 150]
IPAQ [12, 26, 69, 93, 157] KPAS [25]
WHO stepwise questionnaire [166]
YRBSS and GSHS Questionnaires [167]
Kuwait 15 2 [94, 168] 2280 – 3637 12 [37, 49, 79, 97, 169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177] 1 [15] 224 – 38611 3 [169,170,171] The Exercise Pattern Questionnaire [172]
Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
Lebanon 13e 2 [178, 179] 1982 – 2286 13 [22, 29, 30, 35, 57, 59, 63, 114, 180,181,182,183,184,185,186] 0 83 – 2608 5 [35, 181, 182, 185, 186] IPAQ: 2 used a shorter version [35, 181, 182]
Self-reported Weekly Activity Checklist [59]
Libya 5e 2 [187, 188] 2242 – 3590 2 [56, 189] 2 [11, 15, 58] 383 – 1300 1 [58] Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
Mauritania 4 2 [190, 191] 2063 – 2600 0 2 [12, 13] 2726 – 212021f - IPAQ [12, 13]
Morocco 6e 1 [192] 2924 5 [38, 61, 62, 75, 84, 85, 105, 193] 1 [11, 58] 239 – 2891 1 [58] IPAQ [39]
PACE+ [11, 58]
Oman 7e 2 [94, 194] 1373 –3468 5 [33, 71, 195,196,197] 2 [11, 58, 198] 10 – 5409 2 [58, 195] GPAQ [33] GSHS Questionnaire [197]
IPAQ [196] LASA Physical Activity Questionnaire [197]
PACE+ [11, 58]
WHO Health Behavior in School Children [196]
Palestine 11 2 [126, 199, 200] 1908 – 6957 8 [55, 77, 86, 100, 201,202,203,204] 1 [15] 16 – 8885 1 [202] MESA [204]
Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
Qatar 10e 2 [205, 206] 2021 – 2496 9 [23, 40, 207,208,209,210,211,212,213,214] 0 340 – 2467 1 [214] GPAQ [214]
Somalia 1 0 - 1 [215] 0 173 - -
Sudan 3 2 [216, 217] 1573 – 2211 1 [218] 0 1200 - -
Syria 4 1 [219] 3102 2 [92, 220, 221] 1 [15] 1168-2037 - Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
Tunisia 12e 1 [222] 2870 9 [31, 32, 43, 76, 223,224,225,226,227,228] 4 [11,12,13, 58, 131] 10 – 17789 2 [43, 223] IPAQ [12, 13, 228], (including 1 short version) PACE+ [11]
Locally Validated questionnaire [31, 43, 223, 224]
UAE 15e 1 [229] 2581 11 [28, 45, 47, 67, 78, 83, 96, 230,231,232,233] 4 [11,12,13, 15, 58] 20 – 9918 1 [58] Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile [47]
IPAQ: 3 used shorter version [12, 13, 78, 83]
PACE+ [11, 58]
Locally Validated Questionnaire [15]
Yemen 1e 1 [234] 1175 0 1 [11] 568 1 [11] PACE+ [11]
  1. aWHO-STEPS and GSHS used GPAQ and PACE+ respectively to assess physical inactivity
  2. bThis column indicates whether some studies used internationally or locally standardized/validated instruments, with the reference number in brackets; where not indicated, the assessment of physical activity was either not specified or based on a single question
  3. cATLS: Arab Teens Lifestyle Study – GSHS: Global School-based Student Health survey – IPAQ: International Physical Activity Questionnaire – KPAS: Kaiser Physical Activity Survey –LASA: Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam – MESA: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis questionnaire – PACE+: Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise Plus Nutrition – YRBSS: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
  4. dFor multi-country studies where the information on sample size was not available for each country, we included the pooled sample size.
  5. eA number of journal articles are based on WHO surveys (STEPS and GSHS)