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Table 2 Risk factors of slide positivity in the Salween River Valley of Shan Special Region II, Myanmar

From: Retrospective analysis of risk factors of slide positivity among febrile patients in the Salween river valley of Shan Special Region II, northern Myanmar

  Slide positivity (%, 95%CI) Univariate OR (95% CI) P values Adjusted OR (95% CI) P values
Sex
 Male (n = 227) 50 (22.0, 18.8–28.0) 0.70 (0.42–1.16) 0.1737 0.81 (0.37–1.26) 0.1936
 Female (n = 142) 41 (28.9, 21.6–37.1) 1   1  
Age (years)
 < 15(n = 41) 39 (95.1, 83.5–99.4) 103.5 (25.0–895.8) < 0.0001 99.8 (24.7–887.7) < 0.0001
 ≥ 16(n = 328) 52 (15.8, 12.1–20.3) 1   1  
Annual average income (US$)
 ≤ 100(n = 191) 53 (27.7, 21.5–34.7) 1.37 (0.83–2.29) 0.2371 1.52 (0.81–2.45) 0.2475
 ≥ 101(n = 174) 38 (21.8, 15.9–28.7) 1   1  
Family size of the household
 ≤ 5(n = 183) 59 (32.2, 25.5–39.5) 2.29 (1.37–3.87) 0.0012 0.89 (0.67–3.93) 0.1819
 ≥ 6 (n = 186) 32 (17.2, 12.1–23.4) 1   1  
Altitude of residence (meters)
 < 800 (n = 117) 56 (47.9, 38.5–57.3) 5.69 (3.32–9.79) < 0.0001 6.61 (3.57–10.49) < 0.0001
 ≥ 800 (n = 252) 35 (13.9, 9.9–18.8) 1   1  
Malaria knowledge of household heads
 No malaria knowledge of cause and symptoms (n = 52) 22 (42.3, 28.7–56.8) 7.33 (2.62–22.22) 0.00002 6.35 (2.45–23.27) 0.0001
 Only knowing malaria symptoms (n = 240) 62 (25.8, 20.4–31.9) 3.48 (1.49–9.43) 0.0033 2.98 (1.27–10.46) 0.0036
 Knowing mosquitoes (n = 77) 7 (9.1, 3.7–17.8) 1   1  
Use of measures against mosquito bite
 No (n = 172) 57 (33.1, 26.2–40.7) 2.38 (1.42–4.00) 0.0004 2.10 (1.22–5.11) 0.0015
 Yes (n = 197) 34 (17.3, 12.3–23.3) 1   1  
Family decision
 Husband and no response (n = 294) 82 (27.9, 22.8–33.4) 2.83 (1.32–6.76) 0.0069 1.89 (0.68–10.77) 0.0765
 Wife or co-decision (n = 75) 9 (12.0, 5.6–21.6) 1   1  
Distance from health facilities or drug shops
 > 3 km (n = 295) 81 (27.5, 22.4–32.9) 2.42 (1.16–5.54) 0.0152 1.62 (0.66–8.44) 0.0858
 ≤ 3 km (n = 74) 10 (13.5, 6.7–23.5) 1   1  
Time between onset of illness and seeking treatment
 > 48 h and never sought treatment (n = 227) 79 (34.8, 28.6–41.4) 5.78 (2.95–12.15) < 0.0001 5.55 (2.65–13.05) < 0.0001
 ≤ 48 (n = 142) 12 (8.5, 4.4–14.3) 1   1  
  1. n number tested, 95%CI 95% confidence interval, OR odds ratio