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Table 4 Bivariate analysis of the knowledge and practice scores by selected characteristics

From: Knowledge and practice of patients with diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study

  Knowledge Practice
N Mean ± SD p-value N Mean ± SD P-value
Gender    0.611    0.455
 Male 120 2.37 ± 0.86   119 5.78 ± 1.57  
 Female 87 2.31 ± 0.93   86 5.97 ± 2.01  
Educational level 0.011    0.001
 Intermediate/Primary 93 2.15 ± 0.92   93 5.37 ± 1.68  
 High school 50 2.36 ± 0.82   49 6.12 ± 1.81  
 University 63 2.61 ± 0.83   62 6.33 ± 1.68  
Diabetes Family history 0.645    0.821
 No 48 2.29 ± 0.98   47 5.91 ± 2.18  
 Yes 159 2.36 ± 0.85   158 5.84 ± 1.63  
Smoking   0.033    0.119
 Never smoker 113 2.23 ± 0.95   112 6.03 ± 1.93  
 Ever smoker 94 2.48 ± 0.78   93 5.65 ± 1.53  
Physical activity level   0.177    
 Non-active 134 2.31 ± 0.87     
 Moderate activity 40 2.25 ± 0.95     
 Heavy activity 33 2.60 ± 0.82     
Age r = −0.057   0.415 r = −0.15   0.032