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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patients

From: Knowledge and practice of patients with diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study

  Total Male Female P-value
N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Current chronic illness        0.006
 Type 1 diabetes only 8 (3.9) 1 (0.8) 7 (8.0)  
 Type 1 diabetes + othera 4 (1.9) 4 (3.3) 0 (0.0)  
 Type 2 diabetes only 72 (34.8) 37 (30.8) 35 (40.2)  
 Type 2 diabetes + othera 123 (59.4) 78 (65.0) 45 (51.7)  
Family history of diabetes 159 (76.8) 91 (75.8) 68 (78.2) 0.70
Method of diagnosis        0.26
 Coincidence 83 (40.1) 52 (43.3) 31 (35.6)  
 Physician 124 (59.9) 68 (56.7) 56 (64.4)  
Taking diabetes medications 195 (94.2) 114 (95.0) 81 (93.1) 0.56
Taking insulin 33 (15.9) 16 (13.3) 17 (19.5) 0.23
Other concurrent medications
 Aspirin 98 (47.3) 63 (52.5) 35 (40.2) 0.08
 Lipid lowering 87 (42.0) 51 (42.5) 36 (41.4) 0.87
Side effects from medications 36 (17.4) 20 (16.7) 16 (18.4) 0.75
Duration of diagnosis (years)        0.27
  < 3 44 (21.4) 28 (23.5) 16 (18.4)  
 3–5 49 (23.8) 23 (19.3) 26 (29.9)  
 6–10 60 (29.1) 34 (28.6) 26 (29.9)  
 11+ 53 (25.7) 34 (28.6) 19 (21.8)  
  1. aOther chronic conditions include: high cholesterol, heart disease, high blood pressure, lung disease