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Table 2 Associations Between Each Mental Disorder in the past 12 months and Level of Suicidal Risk

From: Association between level of suicide risk, characteristics of suicide attempts, and mental disorders among suicide attempters

  High-risk attempters
(N = 36)
Moderate-risk attempters
(N = 126)
Low-risk attempters
(N = 30)
RR (high/ low) RR (high/ moderate) RR (moderate/ low)
% AOR (95% CI) % AOR (95% CI) % AOR (95% CI)
Depressive disorder 36.1 14.35 (7.43–27.72)*** 15.6 5.88 (3.53–9.78)*** 6.7 1.97 (0.45–8.71) 5.42 (1.33–22.14) 2.29 (1.27–4.15) 2.36 (0.58–9.56)
Anxiety disorder 50.0 17.13 (9.14–32.13)*** 25.4 5.25 (3.44–8.02)*** 16.7 2.54 (0.95–6.74) 3.00 (1.26–7.12) 1.97 (1.26–3.07) 1.52 (0.65–3.58)
PTSD 11.1 22.92 (8.25–63.64) *** 2.4 4.60 (1.33–15.93)* 3.3 9.06 (1.48–55.39)* 3.33 (0.39–28.25) 4.67 (1.09–19.90) 0.71 (0.08–6.63)
OCD 16.7 40.49 (15.46–106.06)*** 4.8 12.24 (4.80–31.24)*** 0.0   N/A 3.50 (1.20–10.20) N/A
Specific phobia 30.6 9.47 (4.84–18.52)*** 15.9 3.98 (2.41–6.59)*** 10.0 1.94 (0.59–6.42) 3.06 (0.94–9.95) 1.93 (1.02–3.64) 1.59 (0.50–4.99)
Somatoform disorder 8.6 6.04 (1.94–18.81)** 3.2 2.80 (1.02–7.63)* 13.3 11.75 (3.88–35.60)*** 0.63 (0.15–2.58) 2.63 (0.62–11.20) 0.24 (0.06–0.90)
Nicotine use disorder 23.6 13.14 (5.48–31.49)*** 7.9 2.63 (1.33–5.23)** 6.7 3.13 (0.71–13.79) 3.43 (0.79–14.92) 2.88 (1.23–6.74) 1.19 (0.28–5.15)
Alcohol use disorder 27.8 15.31 (7.41–31.66)*** 12.5 4.00 (2.28–7.02)*** 10.0 2.89 (0.83–10.04) 2.78 (0.84–9.18) 2.20 (1.10–4.43) 1.26 (0.39–4.05)
Any mental disorder 83.3 28.77 (13.09–63.22)*** 46.0 5.04 (3.53–7.22)*** 36.7 3.42 (1.63–7.17)** 2.27 (1.39–3.72) 1.81 (1.43–2.30) 1.26 (0.76–2.08)
  1. AOR odd ratio adjusted for sex and age, PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder, GAD generalized anxiety disorder, OCD obsessive compulsive disorder, AOR odd ratios adjusted for age and gender, RR Relative Risk
  2. ***, p < 0.001; **, p < 0.01; *. p < 0.05