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Table 1 General description of the sample by employment status: EpiReumaPt ages 50–64 (n = 1286)

From: The impact of osteoarthritis on early exit from work: results from a population-based study

  UNEMPLOYMENT EARLY RETIREMENT EXIT FROM WORK PAID EMPLOYMENT
Employment Status 12.2% 30.2% 51.8% 48.2%
Age (years) 55.2 (p = 0.192)* 59.9 (p < 0.001)* 58.2 (p < 0.001)* 54.6
Gender (female) 55.3% (p = 0.187) 44.2% (p = 0.757) 52.2% (p = 0.305) 46.3%
Marital Status
 Single 11.7% 3.4% 5.7% 14.9%
 Married/Consensual union 70.6% 77.3% 76.2% 64.5%
 Divorced 14.3% 10.4% 10.3% 15.3%
 Widowed 3.4% (p = 0.673) 8.9% (p = 0.002) 7.8% (p = 0.007) 5.2%
Body Mass Index
 Underweight (< 18.5m2/kg) 0% 0.5% 0.5% 0.4%
 Normal (18.5-25 m2/kg) 28.5% 25.7% 27.0% 30.5%
 Overweight (25-30 m2/kg) 44.6% 50.3% 46.3% 46.7%
 Obese (≥30m2/kg) 27.7% (p = 0.788) 23.5% (p = 0.801) 26.2% (p = 0.762) 22.4%
Clinically Confirmed OA 42.8% (p < 0.001) 32.1% (p = 0.08) 35.4% (p = 0.003) 23.5%
 Knee OA 29.0% (p < 0.001) 22.0% (p = 0.005) 24.2% (p < 0.001) 12.6%
 Hand OA 14.3% (p = 0.413) 12.3% (p = 0.797) 13.6% (p = 0.405) 11.6%
 Hip OA 3.1% (p = 0.795) 4.2% (p = 0.809) 3.6% (p = 0.998) 3.6%
Chronic Diseases (self-reported)
 Cardiovascular 60.6% (p = 0.740) 62.8% (p = 0.991) 63.7% (p = 0.874) 62.8%
 Diabetes 10.1% (p = 0.180) 17.5% (p = 0.003) 15.9% (p < 0.001) 6.4%
 Pulmonary 11.5% (p = 0.147) 7.5% (p = 0.407) 9.9% (p = 0.110) 5.0%
 Allergy 22.4% (p = 0.411) 20.5% (p = 0.242) 22.4% (p = 0.356) 27.5%
 Gastrointestinal 22.6% (p = 0.460) 26.6% (p = 0.114) 25.5% (p = 0.102) 19.1%
 Neoplasic 5.9% (p = 0.458) 6.5% (p = 0.282) 5.7% (p = 0.338) 3.9%
 Mental 15.8% (p = 0.493) 13.6% (p = 0.942) 17.2% (p = 0.130) 13.4%
 Neurologic 1.6% (p = 0.644) 6.7% (p = 0.005) 4.8% (p = 0.004) 1.2%
Comorbidity Score 1.87 (p = 0.471) 2.03 (p = 0.10) 2.04 (p = 0.03) 1.74
Longstanding Musculoskeletal Pain 47.0% (p = 0.049) 39.7% (p = 0.399) 43.9% (p = 0.073) 34.8%
Functional Capacity - HAQ 0.48 (p = 0.012) 0.43 (p = 0.033) 0.47 (p = 0.002) 0.28
Quality of Life – EQ-5D 0.72 (p < 0.001) 0.79 (p = 0.152) 0.75 (p = 0.002) 0.83
Educational Level
 Primary or less 55.0% 64.0% 63.4% 37.3%
 Medium 23.3% 17.6% 19.6% 28.5%
 High 21.7% (p = 0.024) 18.4% (p < 0.001) 17.0% (p < 0.001) 34.2%
Monthly Household Income
  ≤ €500 49.2% 22.3% 29.8% 12.1%
 €501–€1000 36.3% 37.6% 40.7% 38.6%
 €1001–€2000 8.5% 28.7% 20.7% 33.1%
  > €2000 6.0% (p < 0.001) 11.4% (p = 0.243) 8.8% (p = 0.001) 16.2%
  1. All results were computed as weighted proportions to keep in account the sampling design of the survey
  2. *all p values versus paid employment. OA, Osteoarthritis; HAQ, Health Assessment Questionnaire; EQ-5D, European Quality of Life index