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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the selected variables for the low- and lower- middle income countries

From: Correlates of healthy life expectancy in low- and lower-middle-income countries

Variables N Mean Median Standard deviation MinimumValue Country MaximumValue Country
Healthy life expectancy 79 57.05 56.60 5.81 44.40 Sierra Leone 67.00 Sri Lanka
Mean years of schoolinga 79 5.60 5.10 2.67 1.10 Burkina Faso 12.50 Kyrgyzstan
GNI per capitaa 79 1795.08 1400.00 1307.05 127.90 Somalia 6930.00 Guyana
Health expenditurea 79 101.87 76.00 82.69 0.00 Somalia 415.00 Micronesia
Total fertility ratea 79 3.90 4.00 1.38 1.30 Republic of Moldova 7.60 Niger
Physician densityb 73 5.65 1.80 9.05 0.10 Liberia 42.70 Georgia
CO2 emission ratec 79 0.77 0.40 0.98 0.00 Burundi and Chad 6.30 Ukraine
HIV prevalence ratea 72 2.59 0.75 4.95 0.10 Afghanistan, Egypt, Morocco, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yemen 27.70 Swaziland
Improved drinking-water sources using rate 79 77.97 79.00 15.98 32.00 Somalia 100.00 Armenia, Bhutan and Georgia
Improved sanitation using rate 79 47.14 42.00 27.16 7.00 South Sudan 100.00 Uzbekistan
Freedom of the press 79 41.73 42.00 18.13 5.00 Uzbekistan 79.00 Micronesia
Corruption perceptions index 79 30.49 30.00 10.21 8.00 Somalia 65.00 Bhutan
Prison population rate 75 110.72 84.00 89.12 16.00 Central African Republic 517.00 El Salvador
Economic freedom 74 54.70 54.80 6.40 37.60 Zimbabwe 73.00 Georgia
Achieving a level of health-related MDGs 79 3.20 3.00 1.71 0.00 Comoros and South Sudan 8.00 Viet Nam
Urban population (% of total) 78 39.98 39.30 15.79 12.36 Burundi 77.43 Djibouti
  1. Notes: ‘N Number of countries’, ‘GNI Gross National Income’, ‘CO2 Carbon dioxide’, ‘HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus’, ‘MDGs Millennium Development Goals’, ‘ a, 2014’; ‘b, 2007–2013’; ‘ c2011’