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Table 1 Univariate analysis showing the socio-demographic, behavioural and clinical factors associated with multidrug-resistant TB in patients undergoing anti-TB treatment at Adama Hospital and Bishoftu Hospital in the East Shoa Zone, Oromia

From: Risk factors for the occurrence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among patients undergoing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment in East Shoa, Ethiopia

Variables Case N (%) Control N (%) Crude OR(95%CI) P-value
Age (completed years)
  < 25 23(31.5) 65(44.5) 1  
 26–45 39(53.4) 62(42.5) 1.8(0.96–3.31) 0.700
 46–87 11(15.1) 19(13) 1.6(0.68–3.95) 0.274
Sex
 Female 40 (54.8) 85(58.2) 0.9 (0.49–1.53) 0.629
 Male 33 (45.2) 61(41.8) 1  
Ethnicity
 Amhara 19(26) 37(25.3) 1  
 Oromo 48(65.8) 95(65.1) 0.9(0.51–1.89) 0.961
 Others 6(8.2) 14(9.6) 0.84(0.28–2.52) 0.748
Education
 Illiterate 18(24.6) 35(24) 1.1(0.54–2.18) 0.814
 Primary 20(27.4) 37(25.3) 1.1(0.58–2.25) 0.699
  > Secondary 35(47.9) 74(50.7) 1  
Religion
 Muslim 16(21.9) 32(21.9) 1  
 Orthodox 47(64.4) 83(56.8) 1.1(0.56–2.28) 0.727
 Protestant 7(9.6) 31(21.2) 0.5(0.16–1.25) 0.127
 Others 4(4.1) 0(0)
Residence
 Rural 23(31.5) 11(7.5) 5.6 (2.56–12.42) 0.000
 Urban 50(68.5) 135 (92.5) 1  
Marital status
 Single 39(39.7) 82(56.2) 1  
 Married 32(43.8) 58(39.7) 1.6(0.86–2.86) 0.149
 Divorced 12(16.4) 6(4.1) 5.7(1.95–16.45) 0.010
Job status
 No 27(35.1) 25(16.9) 2.8(1.49–5.39) 0.001
 Yes 46(64.9) 121(83.1) 1  
History of imprisonment
 Yes 12(16.4) 12(8.2) 2.2(0.93–5.17) 0.071
 No 61(83.6) 134(91.8) 1  
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 40(54.8) 25(17.1) 5.9(3.12–11.02) 0.000
 No 33(45.2) 121(82.9) 1  
History of smoking
 Yes 11(15.1) 10(6.8) 2.4(0.97–5.98) 0.057
 No 62(84.9) 136(93.2) 1  
History of Chewing chat
 Yes 21(28.8) 29(19.9) 1.63(0.85–3.12) 0.141
 No 52(71.2) 117(80.1) 1  
Site of TB
 Pulmonary TB 54(74) 83(56.8) 2.2 (1.16–3.99) 0.015
 Extra Pulmonary TB 19(26) 63(43.2) 1  
Positive Smear
 No 18(24.7) 19(13) 1  
 Yes 55(75.3) 127(87) 0.5(0.22–0.94) 0.033
Previous TB treatment
 No 25(34.2) 116(79.5) 1  
 Yes 48(65.8) 30(20.5) 7.4 (3.66–13.92) 0.000
Contact with a known TB Patient
 No 28(38.4) 88(60.3) 1  
 Yes 45(61.6) 58(39.7) 10.1(5.19–19.73) 0.000
HIV status
 Reactive 22(30.1) 45(30.8) 0.97 (0.53–1.78) 0.917
 Non-reactive 51(69.9) 101(69.2) 1