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Table 2 Descriptive Characteristics of the Sample and Fruit, Vegetable, and Fruit and Vegetable (F&V) Combined Intake by Participant Characteristic, Mean (95% Confidence Interval) or N (%)

From: Examining neighborhood and interpersonal norms and social support on fruit and vegetable intake in low-income communities

  N (%) Fruit P-value Vegetables P-value F&V P-value
Gender    0.41   0.76   0.78
 Male 59 (20) 1.21 (0.85, 1.57)   2.02 (1.61, 2.44)   3.23 (2.63, 3.83)  
 Female 231 (80) 1.38 (1.20, 1.56)   1.95 (1.74, 2.16)   3.33 (3.03, 3.63)  
Age group    0.68   0.32   0.29
 18–29 48 (17) 1.38 (0.98, 1.78)   1.85 (1.39, 2.31)   3.23 (2.57, 3.92)  
 30–39 45 (16) 1.09 (0.68, 1.50)   1.87 (1.39, 2.34)   2.96 (2.27, 3.64)  
 40–49 43 (15) 1.42 (0.99, 1.84)   2.04 (1.55, 2.52)   3.45 (2.75, 4.15)  
 50–59 46 (16) 1.52 (1.12, 1.93)   2.10 (1.63, 2.57)   3.63 (2.95, 4.32)  
 60–69 54 (19) 1.22 (0.84, 1.60)   1.58 (1.14, 2.71)   2.80 (2.18, 3.42)  
 70–79 33 (11) 1.59 (1.11, 2.07)   2.35 (1.80, 2.91)   3.94 (3.14, 4.74)  
 80+ 21 (7) 1.21 (0.61, 1.81)   2.36 (1.66, 3.45)   3.57 (2.57, 4.57)  
Hispanic    0.40   0.30   0.22
 Yes 117 (40) 1.26 (1.01, 1.51)   1.84 (1.55, 2.14)   3.10 (2.68, 3.53)  
 No 173 (60) 1.40 (1.19, 1.61)   2.05 (1.80, 2.29)   3.45 (3.10, 3.80)  
Race    0.58   0.41   0.47
 White 206 (71) 1.30 (1.11, 1.49)   2.04 (1.82, 2.26)   3.34 (3.02, 3.66)  
 Black 21 (7) 1.78 (1.17, 2.38)   2.03 (1.34, 2.73)   3.81 (2.81, 4.81)  
 Asian 2 (1) 0.75 (−1.20, 2.70)   2.76 (0.50, 5.41)   3.51 (0.26, 6.76)  
 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2 (1) 1.16 (−0.79, 3.11)   2.63 (0.37, 4.88)   3.79 (0.53, 7.44)  
 American Indian or Alaska Native 4 (1) 0.90 (−0.48, 2.28)   1.69 (0.10, 3.29)   2.60 (0.30, 4.89)  
 Mixed 33 (11) 1.61 (1.13, 2.09)   1.91 (1.36, 2.47)   3.52 (2.72, 4.32)  
 Other 22 (8) 1.11 (0.53, 1.70)   1.21 (0.53, 1.89)   2.33 (1.35, 3.31)  
Language    0.61   0.25   0.16
 English only 162 (56) 1.33 (1.12, 1.55)   1.96 (1.71, 2.21)   3.29 (2.93, 3.65)  
 Spanish only 20 (7) 0.85 (0.23, 1.46)   1.46 (0.75, 2.17)   2.30 (1.28, 3.33)  
 Both, more English than Spanish 28 (10) 1.31 (0.79, 1.83)   1.55 (0.95, 2.15)   2.86 (1.99, 3.72)  
 Both, equal amounts 20 (7) 1.49 (0.87, 2.10)   2.12 (1.41, 2.83)   3.61 (2.58, 4.63)  
 Both, more Spanish than English 34 (12) 1.52 (1.05, 1.99)   2.33 (1.78, 2.87)   3.85 (3.06, 4.63)  
 Other Language 26 (9) 1.49 (0.95, 2.03)   2.27 (1.64, 2.89)   3.75 (2.86, 4.65)  
Employment status    0.61   0.04*   0.15
 Full timea 15 (5) 1.56 (0.85, 2.28)   1.56 (0.74, 2.37)   3.12 (1.94, 4.31)  
 Part timeb 29 (10) 1.14 (0.63, 1.65)   2.41 (1.82, 3.99)d   3.56 (2.70, 4.48)  
 Unemployedc 59 (20) 1.14 (0.78, 1.50)   1.82 (1.41, 2.23)   2.96 (2.36, 3.55)  
 Disabledd 90 (31) 1.33 (1.04, 1.62)   1.63 (1.29, 1.96)b,e,f   2.96 (2.48, 3.44)  
 Retirede 65 (22) 1.53 (1.19, 1.87)   2.26 (1.87, 2.65)d   3.79 (3.22, 4.35)  
 Student/Homemakerf 32 (11) 1.45 (0.96, 1.94)   2.39 (1.83, 2.94)d   3.84 (3.03, 4.65)  
Education    0.63   0.46   0.32
  < First grade-9th grade 77 (27) 1.26 (0.94, 1.57)   1.81 (1.45, 2.18)   3.07 (2.54, 3.59)  
 Grades 10-12 151 (52) 1.31 (1.08, 1.53)   1.94 (1.68, 2.20)   3.25 (2.87, 3.62)  
 Vocational/Tech/some college 52 (18) 1.56 (1.17, 1.94)   2.27 (1.83, 2.71)   3.83 (3.19, 4.46)  
 Bachelor’s Degree/Post-graduate 10 (3) 1.51 (0.64, 2.38)   1.96 (0.95, 2.97)   3.46 (2.01, 4.92)  
Income (yearly)    0.44   0.40   0.39
  < $6000 17 (7) 1.11 (0.46, 1.77)   1.93 (1.13, 2.73)   3.04 (1.92, 4.15)  
 $,6000-$11,9999 94 (39) 1.43 (1.15, 1.71)   1.77 (1.42, 2.11)   3.19 (2.72, 3.67)  
 $12,000-$17,999 74 (30) 1.21 (0.90, 1.53)   2.01 (1.63, 2.39)   3.22 (2.69, 3.76)  
 $18,000+ 58 (24) 1.55 (1.20, 1.91)   2.24 (1.81, 2.68)   3.79 (3.18, 4.49)  
  1. some columns do not add up to 100% due to rounding error
  2. a–fdenote significant differences between employment status categories