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Table 2 Baseline characteristics in men (mean ± SD for continuous variables, % for categorized variables) for the total sample, total and cause-specific mortality

From: New indexes of body fat distribution and sex-specific risk of total and cause-specific mortality: a prospective cohort study

  Total sample Total mortality CVD deaths Cancer deaths
Men n = 6670 no (n = 5160) yes (n = 1510)   n = 647   n = 484  
Survey (n; S2/S3/S4) 2381/2282/2007 1579/1787/1794 802/495/213   361/198/88   247/166/71  
   Mean ± SD or % Mean ± SD or % p value Mean ± SD or % p value Mean ± SD or % p value
Age (y) 49.71 ± 13.83 46.04 ± 12.986 62.24 ± 10.020 < 0.0001 63.64 ± 9.077 < 0.0001 61.43 ± 9.843 < 0.0001
Low/high education level 78.20/21.80 75.02/24.98 89.07/10.93 < 0.0001 89.64/10.36 < 0.0001 89.67/10.33 < 0.0001
Alkohol intake
0/0.1–399/> 39.9 g/d
18.11/29.61/52.28 17.33/31.40/51.28 20.79/23.51/55.70 < 0.0001 23.34/24.42/52.24 < 0.0001 16.32/22.93/60.74 0.0003
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 233.25 ± 45.84 230.50 ± 44.998 242.66 ± 47.411 < 0.0001 248.30 ± 46.339 < 0.0001 237.98 ± 47.371 0.0064
Smoking status curr/ex/never 30.27/38.74/30.99 30.12/36.12/33.76 30.79/47.68/21.52 < 0.0001 26.89/50.39/22.72 < 0.0001 35.33/47.31/17.36 < 0.0001
Phys.act active/inactive 44.90/55.10 49.57/50.43 28.94/71.06 < 0.0001 26.89/73.11 0.0002 32.85/67.15 < 0.0001
Act. Hypertension y/n 45.72/54.28 40.00/60.00 65.23/34.77 < 0.0001 70.48/29.52 < 0.0001 58.47/41.53 < 0.0001
Blood pressure syst (mmHg) 135.1 ± 17.8 132.93 ± 16.40 142.64 ± 20.09 < 0.0001 145.14 ± 21.35 < 0.0001 140.81 ± 18.46 < 0.0001
Blood pressure diast (mmHg) 82.3 ± 11.0 82.53 ± 10.64 81.59 ± 12.00 < 0.0001 82.44 ± 13.29 < 0.0001 81.43 ± 10.62 < 0.0001
Weight (kg) 82.83 ± 12.31 83.05 ± 12.050 82.05 ± 13.154 0.0003 83.04 ± 13.176 0.8322 81.15 ± 12.26 0.0012
Waist circumference (cm) 95.99 ± 10.62 94.91 ± 10.356 99.65 ± 10.693 < 0.0001 100.74 ± 10.612 < 0.0001 98.41 ± 10.207 < 0.0001
Hip circumference (cm) 103.68 ± 7.06 103.47 ± 6.79 104.40 ± 7.865 0.0013 105.22 ± 7.944 < 0.0001 103.61 ± 7.102 0.9006
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.29 ± 3.79 27.05 ± 3.673 28.12 ± 4.080 < 0.0001 28.55 ± 4.049 < 0.0001 27.68 ± 3.856 0.0101
Waist to height ratio 0.551 ± 0.066 0.542 ± 0.063 0.584 ± 0.065 < 0.0001 0.591 ± 0.064 < 0.0001 0.576 ± 0.063 < 0.0001
Waist to hip ratio 0.925 ± 0.064 0.916 ± 0.063 0.954 ± 0.060 < 0.0001 0.957 ± 0.059 < 0.0001 0.949 ± 0.060 < 0.0001
Body adiposity index 27.19 ± 3.72 26.70 ± 3.501 28.87 ± 3.932 < 0.0001 29.36 ± 3.924 < 0.0001 28.35 ± 3.726 < 0.0001