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Table 3 Pre- and post-intervention means±SD, marginal means for changes, and 95%CIs for strength and body composition in Study 2

From: Programming and supervision of resistance training leads to positive effects on strength and body composition: results from two randomised trials of community fitness programmes

Variable Pre- (Mean ± SD) Post- (Mean ± SD) Change (Marginal Means) 95% Confidence Interval for Change
Strength (kg)
 STRUC 28.8 ± 13.6 37.6 ± 12.9 8.2 2.4 to 14.1
 COMB 41.7 ± 18.8 48.3 ± 19.0 9.4 3.7 to 15.0
 PAC 24.7 ± 10.2 31.8 ± 9.8 5.2 −1.9 to 12.4
 CONT 29.3 ± 14.4 32.8 ± 15.3 2.8 −1.3 to 7.0
BF%
 STRUC 35.5 ± 12.5 35.7 ± 14.0 −1.1 −3.1 to 0.9
 COMB 38.7 ± 12.4 36.5 ± 8.5 −0.3 −2.1 to 1.6
 PAC 38.9 ± 9.9 38.6 ± 8.9 −0.1 −2.2 to 2.0
 CONT 37.2 ± 9.3 35.9 ± 9.3 −0.3 −1.7 to 1.2
BF Mass (kg)
 STRUC 32.3 ± 19.3 33.7 ± 21.5 −1.8 −4.3 to 0.7
 COMB 37.5 ± 16.0 36.6 ± 15.0 −0.1 −2.5 to 2.2
 PAC 35.2 ± 14.0 32.4 ± 10.7 −2.0 −1.6 to 0.7
 CONT 34.0 ± 13.5 31.0 ± 11.8 −0.7 −2.5 to 1.2
LBM (kg)
 STRUC 56.1 ± 14.5 56.0 ± 12.0 −1.4 −5.7 to 3.0
 COMB 58.9 ± 13.0 62.9 ± 14.4 2.6 −1.3 to 6.5
 PAC 48.5 ± 12.6 49.8 ± 9.5 1.3 −3.3 to 5.9
 CONT 55.5 ± 13.2 55.7 ± 13.9 0.5 −2.3 to 3.4
  1. STRUC traditional-supervised-exercise, PAC physical-activity-counselling, COMB combination of traditional-supervised-exercise and physical-activity-counselling, CONT wait-list control