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Table 2 Evaluation of preparation and readiness stage by levels and regions: 2002 and 2012 (differences in proportions)

From: The public health emergency management system in China: trends from 2002 to 2012

Indicators

2002

2012

Growth (%)

p-value

n

%

n

%

1.1 Organization

 % of establishing emergency response office

632

61.6

644

95.0

54.2

0.5110

  Provincial

29

64.3

31

96.8

50.5

0.0310

  Municipal

135

56.3

138

96.4

71.2

0.0080

  County

468

51.1

475

94.5

84.9

0.1560

  East

124

55.6

129

93.0

67.3

0.1040

  Central

254

54.7

255

97.6

78.4

0.6910

  West

254

49.4

260

93.5

89.3

0.5860

 % of forming leadership group

632

47.9

644

95.7

99.8

< 0.0001

  Provincial

29

78.6

31

96.8

23.2

0.0210

  Municipal

135

47.4

138

97.1

104.9

< 0.0001

  County

468

46.2

475

95.2

106.1

< 0.0001

  East

124

53.2

129

93.8

76.3

< 0.0001

  Central

254

50.0

255

97.3

94.6

< 0.0001

  West

254

43.1

260

95.0

120.4

< 0.0001

 % of forming expert panel

632

78.6

644

96.8

23.2

< 0.0001

  Provincial

29

82.1

31

93.5

13.9

0.1090

  Municipal

135

38.5

138

96.4

150.4

< 0.0001

  County

468

30.6

475

84.0

174.5

< 0.0001

  East

124

37.9

129

89.1

135.1

< 0.0001

  Central

254

39.0

255

92.2

136.4

< 0.0001

  West

254

28.5

260

81.2

184.9

< 0.0001

1.2 Mechanism

     

< 0.0001

 % of building information sharing mechanism

632

48.0

644

92.9

93.5

< 0.0001

  Provincial

29

67.9

31

93.5

37.7

0.0060

  Municipal

135

48.9

138

96.4

97.1

< 0.0001

  County

468

46.6

475

91.8

97.0

< 0.0001

  East

124

52.4

129

92.2

76.0

< 0.0001

  Central

254

46.9

255

96.1

104.9

< 0.0001

  West

254

47.0

260

90.0

91.5

< 0.0001

 % of building on-site treatment mechanism

632

49.1

644

93.0

89.4

< 0.0001

  Provincial

29

79.3

31

93.5

17.9

0.1090

  Municipal

135

48.1

138

95.7

99.0

< 0.0001

  County

468

47.4

475

92.2

94.5

< 0.0001

  East

124

54.8

129

91.5

67.0

< 0.0001

  Central

254

46.9

255

95.7

104.1

< 0.0001

  West

254

48.4

260

91.2

88.4

< 0.0001

 % of building response material deployment mechanism

632

39.6

644

90.1

127.5

< 0.0001

  Provincial

29

67.9

31

90.3

33.0

0.0350

  Municipal

135

39.3

138

95.7

143.5

< 0.0001

  County

468

38.0

475

88.4

132.6

< 0.0001

  East

124

45.2

129

91.5

102.4

< 0.0001

  Central

254

40.2

255

93.3

132.1

< 0.0001

  West

254

36.4

260

86.2

136.8

< 0.0001

2.1 Emergency plan

 % of making emergency plans

632

40.6

644

89.9

121.4

< 0.0001

  Provincial

29

42.9

31

93.5

117.9

< 0.0001

  Municipal

135

38.5

138

89.1

131.4

< 0.0001

  County

468

41.0

475

89.9

119.3

< 0.0001

  East

124

35.5

129

86.0

142.3

< 0.0001

  Central

254

46.1

255

92.5

100.7

< 0.0001

  West

254

37.5

260

89.2

137.9

< 0.0001

2.4 Disease surveillance frequency

560

614

 Per day

16

2.9

29

4.7

62.1

0.0400

 Per week

14

2.5

141

23.0

820.0

< 0.0001

 Per ten days

71

12.7

10

1.6

−87.4

< 0.0001

 Per month

324

58.0

391

63.7

9.8

< 0.0001

 Per quarter

71

12.7

26

4.2

−66.9

< 0.0001

 Per year

63

11.3

17

2.8

−75.2

< 0.0001