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Table 1 KABP questionnaire on leptospirosis

From: Development and validation of a new knowledge, attitude, belief and practice questionnaire on leptospirosis in Malaysia

Sections No. of Items Concepts measured Response options
General information 16 Socio-demographic, occupation, history of leptospirosis infection, smoking, recreational activities Closed-ended, multiple-choice
Residence information 7 Distance from rivers/water sources, domestic animals, flood areas, waste disposal sites Closed-ended, multiple-choice
Knowledge 24 Causes, exposure routes, symptoms and signs, detection methods, treatment, complications, prevention aspects True/False/Don’t know; 1 = correct answer, 0 = wrong/don’t know
Attitudes Validation 1
8 (3 reverse-scored items) General attitude to leptospirosis 1 = Strongly disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Not sure, 4 = Agree, 5 = Strongly agree
Validation 2
13 (4 reverse-scored items) Affect, behavior, and cognitive factors with regard to the prevention and treatment of leptospirosis and risk-related behaviors 1 = Strongly disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Not sure, 4 = Agree, 5 = Strongly agree
Beliefs Validation 1
4 (1 reverse-scored item) General beliefs about leptospirosis 1 = Strongly disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Not sure, 4 = Agree, 5 = Strongly agree
Validation 2
21 (7 reverse-scored items) Health beliefs about susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy 1 = Strongly disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Not sure, 4 = Agree, 5 = Strongly agree
Practices Validation 1
12 (3 reverse-scored items) Preventive and risk-reduction infection practices, including the use of PPE 1 = Never, 2 = Seldom, 3 = Often, 4 = Always
Validation 2
19 (5 reverse-scored items) Preventive and risk-reduction infection practices, including the use of PPE 1 = Never, 2 = Seldom, 3 = Often, 4 = Always, 9 = Not applicable
  1. KABP knowledge, attitude, belief, and practice, PPE personal protective equipment