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Table 1 Social Media Interaction, Well-being and Socio-Demographic Variable Descriptives for 10-15 Year Old UK Young People by Gendera

From: Gender differences in the associations between age trends of social media interaction and well-being among 10-15 year olds in the UK

  Females Males
Total 10 year olds 11 year olds 12 year olds 13 year olds 14 year olds 15 year olds Total 10 year olds 11 year olds 12 year olds 13 year olds 14 year olds 15 year olds
(N = 4869) n = 1664 n = 1794 n = 1841 n = 1853 n = 1884 n = 1847 N = 4990 n = 1711 n = 1824 n = 1907 n = 1938 n = 1861 n = 1750
Social media interaction
 Do not have a profile/internet access 23 50 38 23 13 10 8 28 55 43 30 17 13 10
 Less than 1 h per day 38 39 41 42 37 34 33 45 36 43 48 51 48 44
 1-3 h per day 30 10 18 29 37 39 43 22 7 12 19 26 31 36
 4 or more hours per day 10 1 3 7 13 17 16 5 2 2 2 6 8 10
Mother’s marital status (% partnered) 76 80 76 75 76 76 76 78 79 79 78 77 77 77
Father’s marital status (% partnered) 98 98 98 98 98 98 97 97 98 97 97 97 96 97
Highest parental qualification
 No qualification 13 11 12 13 14 14 15 13 13 12 12 13 13 14
 Other qualificationb 13 12 13 13 14 14 14 13 11 12 13 14 13 15
 GCSEc 29 28 30 30 29 29 28 29 30 30 29 28 29 28
 A-leveld 17 19 18 17 17 16 16 18 17 19 19 17 18 17
 Other higher qualificaitone 11 12 10 11 11 11 11 11 12 11 11 11 11 11
 Degree 16 18 17 17 16 16 15 16 16 16 16 16 16 16
Ethnicity
 White British 74        74       
 Black African/Caribbean 6        5       
 Asian 11        12       
 Other 4        4       
 Mixed 5        5       
Mean log household income 7.14 (0.43)        7.14 (0.43)       
Happiness scale 35.03 (5.14) 36.94 (4.32) 36.62 (4.42) 35.61 (4.88) 34.38 (5.17) 33.56 (5.47) 33.33 (5.24) 35.27 (4.83) 36.02 (4.63) 35.87 (4.71) 35.53 (4.73) 35.04 (4.85) 34.67 (5.04) 34.55 (4.84)
SDQ total difficulties 10.61 (5.60) 11.30 (5.74) 9.83 (5.42) 10.33 (5.61) 10.62 (5.59) 11.35 (5.83) 11.15 (5.28) 10.65 (5.69) 11.51 (5.89) 11.05 (6.03) 10.59 (5.66) 10.40 (5.63) 10.16 (5.37) 10.25 (5.43)
  1. Abbreviation: GCSE, General Certificate of Secondary Education; SDQ, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; UK, United Kingdom
  2. aSocial media Interaction, parental marital status, parental qualification and parental ethnicity are percentages; Mean log household income, happiness and SDQ total difficulties are means and standard deviations
  3. bOther qualifications include CSE, skills certifications, apprenticeships, clerical qualifications, etc.;
  4. cGCSE = exams taken at age 16 (year 11)
  5. dA Level exam taken at age 18 (year 13)
  6. eExamples of other higher qualifications are teaching, nursing or diploma certifications /qualifications