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Table 2 Sex tourism among high-risk MSM in China, 2015 (N = 62)

From: Sex tourism among Chinese men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional observational study

Variable Prevalence
  N (%)
Primary purpose of travel to purchase sex
 Yes 20 (32)
 No 42 (68)
Destination
 Within China 69 (75)
 Outside China 23 (25)
How was partner found
 Mobile App 39 (63)
 Website/Online portal 29 (47)
 In-person solicitation 12 (19)
 Local Establishment 11 (18)
Average distance traveled to purchase sex
Within China 1818.7 km
  < 500 km 43 (80)
  501–1000 km 8 (16)
  1001–2000 km 18 (33)
  > 2000 km 8 (15)
 Outside China 4316.0 km
 <  2500 km 6 (43)
 2501–5000 km 5 (36)
 > 5000 km 5 (36)
Ethnicity of Partner from whom services were purchased
 Native to destination country 59 (95)
 Not native to destination country 3 (5)
Reason for sex tourism
 Wanted to try sex with a man 21 (34)
 Afraid of recognition at home 18 (29)
 Price 7 (11)
 Do not need to use condoms 2 (3)
 Unable to get at home 11 (18)
 Drunk 4 (7)
 Other 17 (27)
Purchased sex from
 Women 8 (13)
 Men 54 (87)
 Transgender 2 (3)
Number of partners purchased while traveling
 1 35 (56)
 2–5 12 (20)
 3–5 9 (15)
 6–10 2 (3)
 > 10 3 (3)
Condomless sex
 Yes, vaginal 3 (5)
 Yes, anal 20 (32)
 No 41 (66)
Reason for condomless sex
 I did not want to use 17 (27)
 Did not have time 8 (13)
 My partner did not want to use 6 (10)
 Did not have one 4 (7)
 I believed I was HIV negative 4 (7)
 I believed my partner was HIV negative 4 (7)
 Drunk or high 1 (2)
Price paid (USD)
 < 75 39 (63)
 75–150 14 (23)
 150–300 5 (8)
 > 300 3 (5)
Travel Alone?
 Yes 41 (66)
 No 21 (34)
Did you ask partner about HIV status?
 Yes 24 (39)
 No 37 (61)
Have you ever tested for HIV/frequency
 No 20 (32)
 Less than every 2 years 6 (10)
 Once a year 19 (31)
 Once every 6 months 12 (19)
 Once every 3 months 5 (8)
Have you ever tested for syphilis?
 Yes 28 (45)
 No 34 (55)