Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and behavioral data of high-risk MSM in China in 2015 (N = 1189)

From: Sex tourism among Chinese men who have sex with men: a cross-sectional observational study

Demographic or Behavior (+) Sex Tourism (N = 62) (−) Sex Tourism (N = 1127) Overall Total (N = 1189) Χ2 (p)
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age (years)     11.38 (p = 0.01)
 16–20 10 (16) 313 (28) 323 (27)  
 21–25 18 (50) 409 (36) 427 (36)  
 26–30 13 (21) 211 (19) 224 (19)  
 > 30 20 (34) 195 (17) 215 (18)  
Residence (Region)     3.34 (p = 0.65)
 Northern China 15 (24) 236 (21) 251 (21)  
 Northeastern China 8 (13) 89 (8) 97 (8)  
 Eastern China 17 (27) 311 (28) 328 (28)  
 Southern China 14 (23) 278 (25) 292 (25)  
 Southwestern China 5 (8) 131 (12) 136 (11)  
 Northwestern China 3 (5) 82 (7) 85 (7)  
Marital status     2.68 (p = 0.10)
 Single 47 (76) 944 (84) 991 (83)  
 Ever married 15 (24) 183 (16) 198 (17)  
Education level     22.34 (p < 0.001)
 High school or less 9 (15) 383 (34) 392 (33)  
 College 44 (71) 700 (62) 744 (63)  
 Post-graduate 9 (15) 44 (4) 53 (5)  
Annual Income (USD)     45.97 (p < 0.001)
 < 3000 8 (13) 322 (29) 330 (28)  
 3000–10,000 23 (37) 622 (55) 645 (54)  
 10,000–15,000 20 (32) 119 (11) 139 (12)  
 > 15,000 11 (18) 64 (6) 75 (6)  
Self-Identified Sexual Identity     21.96 (p < 0.001)
 Homosexual 43 (69) 792 (70) 835 (70)  
 Bisexual 13 (21) 295 (26) 308 (26)  
 Heterosexual 1 (2) 0 (0) 1 (0)  
 Other 5 (8) 40 (4) 45 (4)  
“Out” to doctor a     4.78 (p = 0.03)
 Yes 27 (44) 342 (30) 369 (31)  
 No 35 (56) 785 (70) 820 (69)  
Primary male partner     0.003 (p = 0.95)
 Yes 44 (75) 796 (71) 840 (71)  
 No 18 (25) 331 (29) 349 (29)  
Primary female partner     2.40 (p = 0.12)
 Yes 11 (18) 127 (11) 138 (12)  
 No 51 (82) 1000 (89) 1051 (88)  
> 1 sex partner in last 3 months     6.28 (p = 0.01)
 Yes 43 (69) 598 (53) 641 (54)  
 No 19 (31) 529 (47) 548 (46)  
Number of Partners     13.17 (p = 0.004)
 1 19 (31) 527 (47) 546 (46)  
 2–3 24 (39) 435 (39) 459 (39)  
 4–5 12 (19) 109 (10) 121 (10)  
 6+ 7 (11) 56 (5) 63 (5)  
Condomless sex in last monthb     6.0 (p = 0.01)
 Yes 23 (37) 264 (23) 287 (24)  
 No 39 (63) 863 (76) 902 (76)  
Condomless sex with male in last month     3.20 (p = 0.07)
 Yes 20 (32) 253 (22) 273 (23)  
 No 42 (68) 874 (78) 916 (77)  
Condomless sex with female in last month     9.27 (p = 0.002)
 Yes 5 (8) 23 (2) 28 (2)  
 No 57 (92) 1104 (98) 1161 (98)  
Sex while drunk     38.72 (p < 0.001)
 Yes 25 (40) 139 (12) 164 (14)  
 No 37 (60) 988 (88) 1025 (86)  
Group Sex c     9.77 (p = 0.002)
 Yes 13 (21) 101 (9) 114 (10)  
 No 49 (79) 1026 (91) 1075 (90)  
Been paid for sex     7.64 (p = 0.005)
 Yes 16 (26) 150 (13) 166 (14)  
 No 46 (74) 977 (87) 1023 (86)  
Ever HIV tested     5.89 (p = 0.02)
 Yes 43 (69) 604 (54) 647 (54)  
 No 19 (31) 523 (46) 542 (46)  
Ever received HIV positive result     4.45 (p = 0.03)
 Yes 5 (8) 35 (3) 40 (3)  
 No 57 (92) 905 (97) 953 (97)  
Ever tested for syphilis     9.04 (p = 0.002)
 Yes 29 (47) 325 (29) 354 (30)  
 No 33 (53) 802 (71) 835 (70)  
Ever received STD diagnosis or treatment     0.31 (p = 0.58)
 Yes 14 (23) 222 (20) 236 (20)  
 No 48 (77) 905 (80) 953 (80)  
  1. a “Out to a doctor” was defined as having ever discussed sexual orientation with a healthcare provider; b Condomless sex is defined as any incidence of sexual intercourse without use of a condom; c Group sex was defined as any incidence of sexual intercourse involving more than two people