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Table 3 Blood lipid levels of school-going urban Ghanaian children aged 9–15 years, classified by weight status

From: Lipid profile and dyslipidemia among school-age children in urban Ghana

Blood lipid indicators Normal-weight
(n = 409)
Overweight/obese1
(n = 393)
p-value2
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD  
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)
 Boys 140.3 ± 56.6 160.4 ± 72.1 0.063
 Girls 148.3 ± 47.1 149.2 ± 57.2
 Total 145.3 ± 50.9 152.8 ± 62.6  
LDL3 cholesterol (mg/dl)
 Boys 72.9 ± 39.8 91.7 ± 49.5a < 0.001
 Girls 76.9 ± 31.6 81.8 ± 36.9
 Total 75.4 ± 34.9 85.1 ± 41.7  
HDL4 cholesterol (mg/dl)
 Boys 53.9 ± 19.6 52.2 ± 21.7 0.001
 Girls 56.8 ± 18.4 50.8 ± 18.8
 Total 55.7 ± 18.9 51.3 ± 19.8  
Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio
 Boys 2.8 ± 0.9 3.3 ± 1.0 < 0.001
 Girls 2.8 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 1.0
 Total 2.8 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 1.0  
Triglycerides (mg/dl)
 Boys 67.9 ± 43.8 82.3 ± 58.3 0.009
 Girls 65.7 ± 50.1 73.9 ± 61.8
 Total 66.5 ± 47.8 76.6 ± 60.8  
  1. 1Defined as BMI-for-age Z-score > 1
  2. 2Comparison of blood lipids across normal-weight and overweight/obese children using Student’s t-Test for Independent Samples
  3. 3Low-density lipoprotein, 4High-density lipoprotein
  4. aThe difference between boys and girls in the same group was significant (p-value = 0.0453)