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Table 2 Dietary and physical activity habits of Ghanaian children 9–15 years

From: Lipid profile and dyslipidemia among school-age children in urban Ghana

  Normal-weight
(n = 409)
Overweight/obese1
(n = 393)
p-value
n % n %
Dietary habits
 Skip breakfast 100 23.3 112 29.9 0.069
 Access to soft drinks at home 133 31.0 121 32.4 0.681
 Breakfast < 3 days/week 37 8.6 53 14.2 0.013
 Sweetened drink ≥3 times/week 370 86.2 317 84.4 0.550
 Fruit consumption (3 times/week) 132 30.8 118 31.6 0.811
 Vegetable consumption (3 times/week) 166 38.7 146 39.0 0.921
Physical activity
 Transport to school ≥3 days/week 210 49.0 224 59.9 0.002
 Household chores > 5 times/week 279 65.0 246 65.8 0.826
 Any sporting activity ≥3 times/week 138 32.2 82 21.9 0.001
Sedentary behavior
 Watch television ≥5 times/week 293 68.3 242 64.9 0.305
 Watch television in morning before school 48 11.2 39 10.4 0.729
  1. 1Defined as BMI-for-age Z-score > 1