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Table 4 Determinants of children’s immunization status

From: Determinants of immunization status among 12- to 23-month-old children in Indonesia (2008–2013): a multilevel analysis

Determinants Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Residential area
Rural   ref ref
Urban   1.04 (0.99–1.09) 1.04 (0.99–1.09)
Birth
Not attended by health professional   ref ref
Attended by health professional   1.49 (1.43–1.56)** 1.47 (1.4–1.54)**
Mother’s age
≤20 years   ref ref
21–30 years   1.12 (1.04–1.2)* 1.13 (1.05–1.22)*
> 30 years   1.25 (1.16–1.35)** 1.26 (1.16–1.36)**
Mother’s education
Primary/no education   ref ref
Secondary   1.29 (1.24–1.35)** 1.23 (1.18–1.29)**
Higher   1.30 (1.22–1.39)** 1.23 (1.15–1.32)**
Mother’s employment status
Unemployed   ref ref
Employed   0.98 (0.95–1.02) 0.99 (0.96–1.03)
Parity status
Low   ref ref
Medium   0.88 (0.84–0.92)** 0.89 (0.85–0.93)**
High   0.66 (0.61–0.72)** 0.64 (0.59–0.7)**
Wealth Index
Q1 (poorest quintile)   Ref  
Q2   1.19 (1.13–1.26)** 1.2 (1.13–1.26)**
Q3   1.26 (1.18–1.33)** 1.27 (1.2–1.35)**
Q4   1.28 (1.2–1.37)** 1.31 (1.23–1.4)**
Q5 (least poor quintile)   1.26 (1.16–1.36)** 1.33 (1.23–1.45) **
Household income   1.3 (1.25–1.34)** 1.24 (1.2–1.29)**
District-level variables
Hospitals/1000 pop.    1.07 (1.02–1.13)*
Health centers/1000 pop.    0.77 (0.69–0.85)**
Village health posts/1000 pop.    1.61 (1.47–1.77)**
Doctors/1000 pop.    0.87 (0.79–0.95)*
Health workers/1000 pop.    1.22 (1.15–1.3)**
Population density
Between district variance 1.08 0.86 0.79
ICC 0.25 0.2 0.19
Median odds ratio 2.69 2.42 2.34
  1. Note: Reported are OR (Confident interval). Sig: *P < 0.05, **P < 0.001