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Table 4 Association of obesity with RTIs in females and males

From: Obesity and risk of respiratory tract infections: results of an infection-diary based cohort study

   Male (N = 524) Female (N = 931)   
   Prevalence (%) Prevalence (%)   
Outcome indicators Approach Non-obese (N = 449) Obese (N = 75) OR 95% CI Non-obese (N = 819) Obese (N = 112) OR 95% CI OR male/OR female P-value
Monthly level:
 Any RTI crude 34.4 39.3 1.24 (0.86; 1.79) 35.7 45.9 1.66 (1.24; 2.22) 0.75 0.221
adjusteda    1.23 (0.86; 1.78)    1.67 (1.25; 2.23) 0.74 0.196
 Any URTI crude 29.2 33.9 1.18 (0.80; 1.73) 31.2 41.1 1.72 (1.27; 2.31) 0.69 0.129
adjusteda    1.22 (0.84; 1.79)    1.79 (1.33; 2.41) 0.68 0.121
 Any LRTI crude 8.5 11.7 1.97 (1.02; 3.78) 6.7 12.1 2.92 (1.75; 4.87) 0.67 0.351
adjusteda    1.47 (0.78; 2.80)    2.43 (1.47; 4.03) 0.60 0.225
 Sinusitis crude 4.8 8.1 1.51 (0.69; 3.29) 7.3 12.1 2.36 (1.38; 4.01) 0.64 0.353
adjusteda    1.55 (0.71; 3.40)    2.48 (1.45; 4.25) 0.63 0.331
 Rhinitis crude 25.3 29.3 1.10 (0.76; 1.61) 25.9 35.0 1.68 (1.25; 2.26) 0.66 0.089
adjusteda    1.19 (0.82; 1.73)    1.79 (1.33; 2.40) 0.66 0.091
 Otitis media crude 0.85 0.92 0.60 (0.11; 3.19) 0.86 1.81 3.89 (1.34;11.24) 0.15 0.066
adjusteda    0.62 (0.12; 3.20)    4.20 (1.47;12.02) 0.15 0.054
 Pharyngitis/Laryngitis crude 9.4 11.4 1.54 (0.91; 2.61) 10.3 14.8 1.82 (1.22; 2.73) 0.84 0.616
adjusteda    1.50 (0.88; 2.55)    1.84 (1.22; 2.77) 0.81 0.542
 Tonsillitis crude 1.49 0.79 0.56 (0.12; 2.55) 2.11 2.93 1.82 (0.83; 4.00) 0.31 0.177
adjusteda    0.66 (0.15; 2.98)    1.99 (0.90; 4.37) 0.33 0.205
 Influenza-like illness crude 10.8 14.6 1.35 (0.90; 2.03) 10.8 15.4 1.73 (1.26; 2.38) 0.78 0.347
adjusteda    1.38 (0.92; 2.07)    1.72 (1.25; 2.36) 0.81 0.406
 Bronchitis crude 8.5 11.3 1.77 (0.91; 3.46) 6.6 11.9 2.83 (1.69; 4.76) 0.63 0.277
adjusteda    1.32 (0.68; 2.55)    2.35 (1.41; 3.92) 0.56 0.172
 Pneumonia crude 0.24 0.40 2.30 (0.22;23.53) 0.13 0.46 10.94 (1.47;81.47) 0.21 0.316
adjusteda    2.62 (0.24;28.13)    9.92 (1.34;73.33) 0.26 0.391
 Other acute resp. infections crude 2.12 0.59 0.15 (0.03; 0.76) 2.55 2.90 1.29 (0.62; 2.72) 0.11 0.018
adjusteda    0.13 (0.03; 0.68)    1.18 (0.56; 2.50) 0.11 0.017
  ≥ 3 RTIs crude 7.6 10.7 1.44 (0.81; 2.58) 8.2 13.9 2.68 (1.74; 4.13) 0.54 0.093
adjusteda    1.37 (0.77; 2.45)    2.70 (1.75; 4.15) 0.51 0.066
 Long RTIs crude 11.9 18.0 2.05 (1.18; 3.59) 11.9 21.8 2.69 (1.74; 4.15) 0.76 0.454
adjusteda    1.72 (0.98; 2.99)    2.47 (1.60; 3.81) 0.69 0.309
 Upper 10% in diary score crude 9.4 13.9 1.49 (0.84; 2.65) 9.1 16.7 2.78 (1.81; 4.27) 0.54 0.089
adjusteda    1.35 (0.76; 2.39)    2.69 (1.75; 4.14) 0.50 0.057
Seasonal level:
  ≥ 4 months RTIs crude 17.6 25.0 2.26 (1.00; 5.09) 18.1 30.3 2.99 (1.58; 5.66) 0.76 0.592
adjusteda    1.99 (0.88; 4.46)    2.94 (1.56; 5.56) 0.68 0.450
  ≥ 3 long RTIs crude 8.2 15.8 2.57 (1.24; 5.34) 8.3 18.3 3.51 (2.02; 6.09) 0.73 0.502
adjusteda    2.24 (1.07; 4.70)    3.20 (1.83; 5.60) 0.70 0.449
 Upper 10% in diary score crude 9.7 16.8 2.45 (0.82; 7.31) 8.4 20.6 7.13 (3.15;16.12) 0.34 0.124
adjusteda    1.89 (0.64; 5.57)    5.95 (2.67;13.26) 0.32 0.093
Individual level:
 Upper 10% in diary score crude 9.8 10.7 1.10 (0.50; 2.44) 8.2 23.2 3.39 (2.05; 5.62) 0.32 0.019
adjusteda    0.90 (0.40; 2.03)    2.95 (1.76; 4.95) 0.31 0.015
  1. aadjusted by age (continuous) and educational status (three categories)