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Table 3 Alcohol use in the 6 h prior to injury according to type of injury and number of drinks

From: The impact of alcohol among injury patients in Moshi, Tanzania: a nested case-crossover study

Number of standard drinks All injury patients Intentional violence Road traffic injury only
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Any alcohol vs. no alcohol 5.71 (3.84–8.50)** 5.31 (2.24–12.57)** 6.53 (3.98–10.71)**
1–2 drinksa 2.22 (1.21–4.08)* 3.17 (0.75–13.4) 2.18 (1.06–4.50)*
3–4 drinksa 3.95 (2.24–6.96)** 4.00 (1.20–13.30)* 4.90 (2.44–9.84)**
5 or more drinksa 4.98 (2.88–8.60)** 3.90 (1.41–10.75)* 5.34 (2.57–11.10)**
  1. A standard drink is 12 oz of 5% alcohol beer, 8 oz of 7% malt liquor, 5 oz of 12% alcohol wine or 1.5 oz of 40% alcohol liquor obtained by self-reporting
  2. aReference = 0 drinks
  3. *P < 0.01
  4. **P < 0.001