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Table 1 Summary of measurements used to assess the psychological predictors of latrine ownership and consistent latrine use

From: The role of psychological factors in predicting latrine ownership and consistent latrine use in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Factor Items Responses values
Outcome variables
 Latrine ownership Ownership of latrine No/Yes for ownership of latrine 0/1
 Consistent latrine use
Predictor variables
Risk Perception
 Vulnerability How high or low are the chances that you contract diarrheal disease when defecating in the open field? Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high 1 to 5
 Severity If you have diarrheal disease because of open defecation, how severely would that impact your life? Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high 1 to 5
Attitude (affective)
  How much beneficial/important it is building Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high
your own latrine in the one year
1 to 5
  How much beneficial/important it is to defecate using latrine regularly Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high 1 to 5
  How much do you like to use latrine? Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high 1 to 5
  How much do you do you enjoy defecating in latrine? Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high 1 to 5
Self-efficacy (latrine ownership)
Injective norm (latrine ownership)
How much ability you think you have building your own latrine in the next one year Five point scale, that ranges from almost Very low, to Very high 1 to 5
Most of the people in my village think I should have my own latrine Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
People in my village will judge me if I don’t have my own Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
Descriptive norm (latrine use) Most of the people I know in the community defecate using latrine regularly Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
How many of your neighbors use latrine for defecation? Five point scale, that ranges from almost nobody to almost all 1 to 5
  Using latrine regularly is the right thing to do because everybody does so Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
Injunctive norm (latrine use) people who are important to me approve /disapprove that you use latrine Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
Defecating using latrine is regularly is something that most of the people in my village think Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
People in my village will judge me if I defecate in the open field Five point scale, that ranges from completely disagree to completely agree 1 to 5
Cues to action
 Exposure to Health education (HEW)   Yes/No  
 Exposure to CLTSH triggering   Yes/No  
  1. Items and scales used to measure the psychological factors for predicting latrine ownership and consistent latrine use