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Table 5 Smoking-attributable risk (AR) of ischaemic heart disease (IHD), chronic bronchitis (CB), and lung emphysema (LE) among Estonian physicians attributable to smoking (%), with 95% CI (population estimates)

From: Cigarette smoking and smoking-attributable diseases among Estonian physicians: a cross-sectional study

Sex Condition Unadjusted AR AR adjusted for age AR adjusted for age and years smoked
Male IHD 20.6 (18.0–23.2) 8.6 (5.9–11.3) 3.2 (2.3–4.1)
  CB 24.2 (22.3–26.5) 17.5 (15.3–20.1) 6.9 (6.0–7.8)
  LE 53.4 (47.8–61.8) 47.9 (41.9–57.6) 18.8 (17.0–22.5)
  Any above 20.6 (19.2–22.2) 11.8 (10.3–13.3) 5.2 (4.7–5.8)
Female IHD -3.0 (−4.2–-2.1) -9.7 (-10.8–-8.7) -0.1 (-0.7–0.4)
  CB 8.1 (7.0–9.0) 4.8 (3.6–5.8) 4.2 (3.5–4.8)
  LE 40.9 (30.7–50.0) 35.5 (24.3–45.4) 22.6 (18.5–26.9)
  Any above 2.1 (1.3–2.7) -2.7 (-3.5…-2.0) 1.0 (0.7–1.3)
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