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Table 1 Full electronic search strategy for the MEDLINE database – Identification of UVGs

From: Under-vaccinated groups in Europe and their beliefs, attitudes and reasons for non-vaccination; two systematic reviews

Database: MEDLINE 1950 to present, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations Search Strategy
1 exp disease outbreaks/sn (5773)
2 exp disease outbreaks/ep (3512)
3 exp disease outbreaks/pc (12003)
4 exp *Disease Outbreaks/ (42825)
5 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 (47887)
6 exp population groups/ (197252)
7 exp population surveillance/ (48732)
8 exp measles/ (12908)
9 exp measles vaccine/ (7121)
10 exp Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine/ (2056)
11 exp mumps/ (3574)
12 exp mumps vaccine/ (2965)
13 exp rubella/ (7276)
14 exp rubella vaccine/ (4256)
15 exp influenza human/ (33423)
16 exp influenza vaccine/ (15305)
17 exp influenza vaccines/ (15305)
18 exp poliomyelitis/ (15592)
19 exp poliovirus vaccines/ (6073)
20 exp whooping cough/ (6302)
21 exp tetanus/ (8118)
22 exp Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine/ (2306)
23 exp Diphtheria/ (5187)
24 exp pertussis vaccine/ (6539)
25 exp diphtheria tetanus vaccine/ (307)
26 exp meningococcal infections/ (9327)
27 exp meningococcal vaccines/ (2232)
28 exp hepatitis b/ (43927)
29 exp hepatitis b vaccines/ (7243)
30 exp hepatitis b virus/ (18871)
31 exp pneumococcal infections/ (16122)
32 exp pneumococcal vaccines/ (4460)
33 8 or 11 or 13 or 15 or 18 or 20 or 21 or 23 or 26 or 28 or 30 or 31 (160650)
34 9 or 10 or 12 or 14 or 16 or 17 or 19 or 22 or 24 or 25 or 27 or 29 or 32 (47477)
35 exp vaccines/ (165840)
36 exp vaccination/ (54688)
37 exp mass vaccination/ (1849)
38 33 and (35 or 36 or 37) (38389)
39 5 and (6 or 7) and (34 or 38) (640)
40 39 (640)
41 (vaccin$ adj (rate$ or coverage$)).ti,ab. (5377)
42 (low adj vaccinat$).ti,ab. (211)
43 40 and (41 or 42) (105)
44 exp immunization programs/ (8797)
45 5 and (34 or 38) (4269)
46 (group$ or ethnic$ or minorit$ or communit$ or subgroup$).ti. (277479)
47 45 and 46 (173)
48 47 (173)
49 (ethnic$ or minorit$ or communit$ or subgroup$).ti,ab. (518807)
50 45 and 49 (394)
51 exp disease susceptibility/ (103745)
52 exp health services accessibility/ (79608)
53 exp vulnerable populations/ (5086)
54 exp patient acceptance of healthcare/ (154409)
55 exp treatment refusal/ (10295)
56 exp minority groups/ (9817)
57 exp attitude to health/ (275774)
58 50 and (51 or 52 or 53 or 54 or 55 or 56 or 57) (52)
59 58 (52)
60 45 and 53 (10)
61 45 and 56 (2)
62 60 or 61 (12)
63 (34 or 38) and outbreak$.ti. and ((ethnic$ or minorit$ or communit$ or subgroup$).ti. or exp. *patient acceptance of healthcare/ or exp. *treatment refusal/ or exp. *minority groups/) (65)
64 63 (65)
65 (34 or 38) and outbreak$.ti. and 57 (31)
66 65 (31)
67 exp treatment refusal/ (10295)
68 exp “religion and medicine”/ (9768)
69 (34 or 38) and outbreak$.ti. and 68 (17)
70 (34 or 38) and outbreak$1.ti. and 67 (18)
71 69 or 70 (31)
72 71 (31)
73 (34 or 38) and (exp *treatment refusal/ or exp. *“religion and medicine”/) (116)
74 73 (116)
75 outbreak$.ti,ab. and (72 or 74) (35)
76 (united adj states).ti. (36958)
77 75 not 76 (33)
78 77 (33)
79 43 or 59 or 62 (158)
80 79 and (exp *health services accessibility/ or exp. *minority groups/ or exp. *attitude to health/ or exp. *treatment refusal/ or exp. *“religion and medicine”/) (27)
81 64 or 66 or 72 or 78 (97)
82 81 or 59 or 62 or 80 (143)
83 82 (143)
84 83 not 76 (140)
85 (Peru or Nigeria or Sydney or Brazil or Zealand or Mexico or Australia$).ti. (91932)
86 84 not 85 (127)
87 (35 or 36 or 37) and (exp *health services accessibility/ or exp. *minority groups/ or exp. *attitude to health/ or exp. *treatment refusal/ or exp. *“religion and medicine”/) and outbreak$.ti. (24)
88 87 (24)
89 88 not 86 (4)
90 89 not 76 (2)
91 exp *treatment refusal/ and exp. *“religion and medicine”/ (114)
92 91 and (35 or 36 or 37) (5)
93 92 (5)
94 67 and 68 and (35 or 36 or 37) and outbreak$.ti,ab. (4)
95 94 (4)
96 33 and 68 (76)
97 34 and 68 (26)
98 96 or 97 (82)
99 98 (82)
100 99 not (86 or 90 or 93 or 95) (62)
101 100 not (76 or 85) (57)
102 86 or 90 or 93 or 95 or 101 (189)
103 (measles and outbreaks).ti. (97)
104 103 and italy.ti. (1)
105 (34 or 38) and outbreak$.ti. and coverage$.ti. (22)
106 105 (22)
107 106 not 102 (19)
108 exp ethnic groups/ (105533)
109 4 and exp. *ethnic groups/ and 33 (36)
110 109 (36)
111 110 not 102 (25)
112 (minority and coverage).ti. and (35 or 36 or 37) (2)
113 exp *minority groups/ and (35 or 36 or 37) and coverage.ti. (2)
114 (religious and vaccin$ and coverage).ti. (1)
115 exp *Immunization Programs/ (5694)
116 115 and 68 (18)
117 116 (18)
118 117 not 102 (12)
119 107 or 111 or 113 or 118 (58)
120 119 not (76 or 85) (53)
121 4 and 33 (10049)
122 exp hepatitis a/ (17195)
123 exp dysentery/ (10986)
124 exp shigella/ (10261)
125 33 or 122 or 123 or 124 (191696)
126 4 and 125 (11161)
127 7 and 126 (1495)
128 127 (1495)
129 (56 or 108) and 126 (100)
130 129 (100)
131 128 or 130 (1579)
132 131 (1579)
133 exp anthroposophy/ (180)
134 epidemiology.fs. (1122530)
135 exp *measles/ or exp. *mumps/ or exp. *rubella/ or exp. *influenza human/ or exp. *poliomyelitis/ or exp. *whooping cough/ or exp. *tetanus/ or exp. *Diphtheria/ or exp. *meningococcal infections/ or exp. *hepatitis b/ or exp. *hepatitis b virus/ or exp. *pneumococcal infections/ (131969)
136 exp *hepatitis a/ or exp. *dysentery/ or exp. *shigella/ (27317)
137 135 or 136 (157514)
138 exp europe/ (1059556)
139 132 and (137 or 133) and 138 and 134 (693)
140 139 (693)
141 (outbreak or population or (low adj vaccination)).ti. (153831)
142 140 and 141 (211)
143 140 (693)
144 limit 143 to “review articles” (17)
145 142 or 144 (228)
146 exp Treatment Refusal/ (10295)
147 140 and (133 or 146) (5)
148 132 and (133 or 146) (7)
149 145 or 148 (230)
150 (measles$ or mumps$ or rubella$ or influenza$ or poliomyelitis$ or (whooping adj cough) or tetanus$ or diphtheria$ or pertussis$ or meningococcal$ or hepatitis$ or pneumococcal$ or dysentery$ or shigella$).ti. (245343)
151 (outbreak$ or epidemic$ or denominat$).ti. (45258)
152 (minorit$ or (isolated adj group$) or (low adj vaccinat$) or (vaccine$ adj (rate or rates or coverage$)) or ethnic$ or communit$ or (treatment adj refus$) or religious$ or gipsy or gipsies or anthropo$).ti. (131353)
153 150 and 151 (8602)
154 152 and 153 (276)
155 154 not (102 or 120 or 149) (191)
156 102 or 120 or 149 or 154 (644)
157 remove duplicates from 156 (591)