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Table 4 Average macronutrient intake from complementary foods at different ages according to stunting status

From: Risk factors of stunting among children living in an urban slum of Bangladesh: findings of a prospective cohort study

  RDA At 12 months At 18 months At 24 months
  All Stunted Non-stunted All Stunted Non-stunted All Stunted Non-stunted
(n = 229) n = 77) n = 152) (n = 218) (n = 102) (n = 116) (n = 211) (n = 101) (n = 110)
Energy   181.32 177.02 189.52 317.97 310.95 322.66 483.57 466.20 502.55
(kcal/d)   (124.99, 255.84) (126.93, 232.92) (123.71, 302.47) (227.51, 401.31) (233.32, 404.63) (221.47, 387.30) (380.05, 616.55) (368.49, 621.51) (395.48, 616.66)
Protein 13 5.34 5.18 5.85 9.19 8.84 9.29 13.42 12.92 13.48
(g/d)   (3.38, 7.87) (3.58, 7.76) (3.25, 8.45) (6.35, 11.73) (6.19, 11.53) (6.65, 12.15) (10.29, 16.28) (10.23, 16.86) (10.32, 15.99)
Carbohydrates 130 31.09 29.77 32.75 51.06 50.12 51.29 79.35 73.12 82.3
(g/d)   (21.72, 42.71) (22.22, 40.42) (21.55, 52.20) (38.23, 66.26) (39.98, 66.06) (37.65, 68.15) (62.20, 100.22) (61.59, 99.79) (63.54, 101.47)
Fat ND 3.89 3.69 3.90 7.79 7.55 8.09 13.13 13.10 13.12
(g/d)   (2.50, 6.21) (2.48, 6.94) (2.53, 6.15) (5.19, 11.13) (5.20, 11.27) (5.25, 11.14) (8.93, 17.45) (8.40, 17.49) (9.2, 17.41)
Animal proteina   1.89 1.69 2.01 3.51 3.14 3.9 4.68 4.55 4.79
(g/d)   (0.86, 3.88) (0.57, 3.86) (1.07, 3.83) (1.81, 5.88) (1.41, 5.67) (2.07, 6.10) (2.91, 7.34) (2.96, 7.50) (2.87, 6.73)
Phytate   49.16 55.27 48.41 90.61 92.49 85.73 164.10 172.51 150.19
(mg/d)   (33.36, 73.53) (31.20, 78.42) (33.39, 70.03) (64.68, 132.38) (68.07, 141.27) (65.09, 128.95) (121.45, 218.53) (131.63, 225.57) (118.53, 206.25)
DDS   3.51 ± 0.91 3.43 ± 1.06 3.56 ± 0.84 4.09 ± 0.86 3.86 ± 0.83 4.29 ± 0.80 4.53 ± 0.81 4.44 ± 0.81 4.63 ± 0.80
  1. RDA Recommended dietary allowance (An RDA is the average daily dietary intake level; sufficient to meet the nutrient requirements of nearly 97–98% healthy individuals in a group)
  2. ND Not determined. DDS Dietary diversity score (Mean ± SD)
  3. aValues are median and interquartile ranges unless otherwise stated