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Table 1 Characteristics of the studied sample according to gender

From: Is there a causal effect of parity on body composition: a birth cohort study

Characteristics Women n (%) Men n (%)
Parity
 0 534 (33) 799 (48)
 1 494 (30) 508 (31)
 2 319 (20) 248 (15)
 3 149 (9) 69 (4)
  ≥ 4 124 (8) 29 (2)
Maternal schooling – years
 0–4 514 (32) 522 (32)
 5–8 701 (43) 731 (44)
 9–11 176 (11) 183 (11)
  ≥ 12 229 (14) 217 (13)
Family income – minimum wages
 0–1 145 (9) 65 (4)
 1.001–3 594 (37) 533 (32)
 3.001–5 375 (23) 472 (29)
  > 5 506 (31) 583 (35)
Skin color
 White 1257 (78) 1236 (75)
 Black 244 (15) 266 (16)
 Brown 71 (4) 94 (6)
 Yellow/Indigenous 48 (3) 57 (3)
Occupational status
 Unemployed 376 (23) 103 (6)
 Employed 1244 (77) 1550 (94)
Alcohol consumption
 No 754 (47) 434 (26)
 Yes 866 (53) 1219 (74)
Smoking
 No 984 (61) 947 (57)
 Yes 636 (39) 706 (43)
Physically activea
 No 799 (49) 670 (41)
 Yes 821 (51) 983 (59)
Daily ultraprocessed and processed foods consumption – cal, mean (sd) 796 (580) 884 (755)
Mean body mass index (kg/m2) 26.7 (5.9) 27.0 (5.0)
Mean waist circumference (cm) 80.5 (11.8) 89.3 (11.7)
Mean fat mass % 39.3 (8.4) 24.2 (8.7)
Total, n 1620 1653
  1. sd standard deviation
  2. aSubjects who reported more than 150 min /week of walking and physical activity of moderate-vigorous intensity (occupational and leisure-time domains)