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Table 4 Qualitative summary of themes and sub themes that were generated from the interviews with key implementers in the workplace on the reasons why workplaces had an HIV and AIDS policy/program or the reasons why a workplace did not have a program or policy

From: HIV/AIDS workplace policy addressing epidemic drivers through workplace programs

Major theme Sub-theme Summary of findings on reasons for workplaces having policy/programs or not as reported by key implementers.
Size of workplace Small workplace Workplaces that were small in terms of numbers of employees, respondents reported that employees knew each other therefore they could talk freely about Health issues including HIV/AIDS there was therefore no need to have a formalised way of addressing HIV/AIDS in the workplace through programs or a policy.
   Small workplaces also reported a limitation or lack of Finances to invest in HIV/AIDS programs and policies. A few had consulted some experts, but the cost of developing an HIV/AIDS policy was not affordable for them as small workplaces
  Large workplace HIV/AIDS was reported to be more visible among large workplace with a large number of employees. The increased burden of HIV/AIDS necessitated an organised response to HIV/AIDS in the workplace through programs and HIV policy adoption.
Type of workplace Highly Mobility Workplaces with highly mobile employees, the agricultural, construction and hotel industries had HIV/AIDS programs/Policy for employees.
  Core business Workplaces such as schools, computer companies publishing and printing organisations felt that the nature of organisation did not necessitate having a policy in place.
  Religion Religious predisposition of some organisations made it difficult in some cases to discuss HIV/AIDS as it is related to sex. This made it a taboo to talk publicly about HIV/AIDS and sex, therefore, they did not have an HIV/AIDS policy or program in place.
Health Schemes Medical insurance   Some workplaces had no HIV/AIDS workplaces policy and programs in place but had a medical scheme in place for employees which catered for general illnesses a, HIV/AIDS-related illnesses and other chronic diseases.
  Wellness approach Some workplaces had a holistic approach to general health and safety of employees in the workplace and had therefore put in place programs focused on a wellness approach rather than programs focusing on HIV/AIDS alone.
Sensitisation Lack of sensitization Some workplaces did not have an HIV/AIDS policy because they did not know how to develop one and also lacked sensitisation on Multispectral response to HIV/AIDS. They admitted that having an HIV AIDS workplace policy has not been thought about.