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Table 1 Perceived and internalized stigma scale

From: A structural equation model of perceived and internalized stigma, depression, and suicidal status among people living with HIV/AIDS

Items of the scale Domains
1. I feel guilty because I have HIV. Internalized stigma
2. People’s attitudes about HIV make me feel worse about myself. Internalized stigma
3. People with HIV lose their jobs when their employers learn. Perceived stigma
4. I feel I am not as good a person as others because I have HIV. Internalized stigma
5. People with HIV are treated like outcasts. Perceived stigma
6. Most people think that a person who has HIV is dirty. Perceived stigma
7. It is easier to avoid new friendships than worry about telling someone that I have HIV. Internalized stigma
8. Having HIV makes me feel unclean. Internalized stigma
9. Since learning I have HIV, I feel set apart and isolated from the rest of the world. Internalized stigma
10. Most people think that a person with HIV is disgusting. Perceived stigma
11. Having HIV makes me feel that I am a bad person. Internalized stigma
12. Most people with HIV are rejected when others find out. Perceived stigma
13. Most people are uncomfortable around someone with HIV. Perceived stigma
14. Having HIV in my body is disgusting to me. Internalized stigma
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