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Table 4 Odds ratios (95% CIs) of birth registration by different models, Lao PDR

From: Socioeconomic determinants of accessibility to birth registration in Lao PDR

  Birth registration
Model 1 a Model 2 b Model 3 c
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Maternal factors
Maternal age
  15–19 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  20–29 1.45 1.21 1.73*** 1.45 1.21 1.73*** 1.35 1.12 1.64***
  30–39 1.67 1.37 2.02*** 1.67 1.37 2.02*** 1.54 1.24 1.91***
  40–49 1.83 1.41 2.37*** 1.83 1.41 2.37*** 1.49 1.06 2.10**
Maternal educational attainment
  No education          
  Primary          
  Secondary          
  Higher          
Ever experienced loss of a child
  No 1.00    1.00      
  Yes 0.86 0.76 0.96** 0.86 0.76 0.96**    
Household factors
Father’s educational attainment
  No education 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Primary 1.05 0.91 1.19 1.05 0.91 1.19 0.96 0.81 1.13
  Secondary 1.19 1.02 1.40 * 1.19 1.02 1.40 ** 1.11 0.92 1.35
  Higher 2.04 1.37 3.05*** 2.04 1.37 3.05*** 2.03 1.30 3.18***
Ethnicity of HHH
  Lao 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Khmu 1.08 0.82 1.41 1.08 0.82 1.41 0.86 0.62 1.18
  Khmer 0.37 0.20 0.68*** 0.37 0.20 0.68*** 0.42 0.19 0.92**
  Other 0.63 0.52 0.77*** 0.63 0.52 0.77*** 0.59 0.47 0.75***
Ethno-linguistics of HHH
  Lao-Thai 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Mon-Khmer 1.40 1.14 1.72*** 1.40 1.14 1.72*** 1.64 1.27 2.12***
  Hmong-Mien 1.20 0.67 2.18 1.20 0.67 2.18 1.12 0.51 2.44
  Chinese-Tibetan 1.20 0.93 1.56 ** 1.20 0.93 1.56 1.07 0.77 1.47
Religion of HHH
  Buddhist 1.00    1.00      
  Animist 0.89 0.75 1.05 0.89 0.75 1.05    
  Other 1.51 0.96 2.40** 1.51 0.96 2.40*    
Wealth index quintiles
  Poorest 1.00    1.00      
  2nd quintile 1.00 0.88 1.13 1.00 0.88 1.13    
  3rd quintile 1.34 1.15 1.57*** 1.34 1.15 1.57***    
  4th quintile 1.40 1.16 1.70*** 1.40 1.16 1.70***    
  Wealthiest 2.78 2.05 3.77*** 2.78 2.05 3.77***    
Community factors
Settlement
  Urban 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Rural w/ road 0.62 0.52 0.74 *** 0.62 0.52 0.74*** 0.63 0.51 0.77***
  Rural w/o road 0.39 0.31 0.49*** 0.39 0.31 0.49*** 0.38 0.30 0.49***
Delivery factors
Delivery place
  Hospital        1.00   
  Health center       0.53 0.38 0.76***
  Private facility       1.56 0.54 4.55
  Home        0.47 0.39 0.56***
  Other        0.15 0.11 0.22***
SBA assisted
  No          
  Yes          
N 9576   9576   5778  
Log likelihood 10,127.238   10,127.238   6589.391  
X2 test for model <0.01   <0.01   <0.01  
Hosmer-Lemeshow 0.369   0.369   0.233  
  1. CI: confidence interval; HHH: head of household; OR: odds ratio; SBA: skilled birth attendant
  2. *p < .10, ** p < .05, *** p < .01
  3. aModel 1: maternal, household and community variables only
  4. bModel 2: maternal, household, community variables and birth attendance
  5. cModel 3: maternal, household, community variables, birth attendance and delivery place